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United States Immigration

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For good reason, it is often said the United States is a nation of immigrants. Almost every person in the United States is descended from someone who arrived from another country. This article tells immigration to the United States from colonial times to the present. The focus is on individuals who paid their own way, rather than slaves and indentured servants.
By 1790 the United States was a mixture of people from diversities of backgrounds .During that period the majority population was British descent. A little over 19% of the population comes from Africa. There are multiple answers why people immigrated to the United States throughout the era, such as economic opportunity and religious freedom.
The U.S. Passenger Lists resulted from an
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In general, four relatively distinct periods can be identified in Table 1. Before 1881, the vast majority of immigrants, almost 86% of the total, arrived from northwest Europe, principally Great Britain, Ireland, Germany, and Scandinavia. During the colonial period, though the data do not allow an accurate breakdown, most immigrants arrived from Britain, with smaller numbers coming from Ireland and Germany. The years between 1881 and 1893 saw a transition in the sources of U.S. immigrants. After 1881, immigrant volume from central, eastern, and southern Europe began to increase rapidly. Between 1894 and 1914, immigrants from southern, central, and Eastern Europe accounted for 69% of the total. With the onset of World War I in 1914, the sources of U.S. immigration again changed. From 1915 to the present day, a major source of immigrants to the United States has been the Western Hemisphere, accounting for 46% of the total. In the period between 1915 and 1960, virtually all of the remaining immigrants came from Europe, though no specific part of Europe was dominant. Beginning in the 1960s, immigration from Europe fell off substantially and was replaced by a much larger percentage of immigrants from Asia. Thus, over the course of U.S. history, the sources of immigration changed from northwestern Europe to southern, central and Eastern Europe to the Americas in combination with Europe to the
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