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Us Air Flight 1549 Research Paper

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On January 15, 2009, about 3:27 PM eastern standard time, US Airways flight 1549, an Airbus Industrie A320-214, N106US, piloted by First Officer Jeffrey Skiles and monitored by Captain Chesley B. “Sully” Sullenberger was scheduled for domestic commercial flight from LaGuardia Airport, New York City, New York to Seattle-Tacoma International Airport in SeaTac, Washington experienced loss of thrust in both engines after encountering multiple bird strike during its take off and was ditched on the Hudson River roughly eight miles from LaGuardia Airport, New York City, New York about two minutes before the in-flight event occurred. All 155 occupants safely evacuated the airplane by the forward and over-wing exits and were rescued from nearby watercraft.…show more content…
The airplane took off northeast from Runway 4 at 3:25 pm, Skiles was the first to notice flock of birds approaching the aircraft while passing through an altitude of about 2,800 feet on the initial climb out to 15,000 feet. According to the flight data recorder (FDR) data, the bird encounter occurred at 3:27 PM when the passengers and cabin crew reported hearing “very loud bangs” from both engines and seeing flaming exhaust along with a strong odor of unburned fuel in the cabin (World). The airplane was at an altitude of 2,818 feet and a distance about 4.5 miles north-northwest of the approach end of runway 22 at LaGuardia Airport. Even though the airplane was struck by flock of birds, the airplane’s altitude continued to increase while the airspeed decreased until 3:27 PM, when the airplane reached its highest altitude of roughly 3,060 feet at roughly 185 knots (213 mph). The altitude then started to decrease as the airspeed started to increase reaching 215 knots at 3:28 PM at an altitude of about 1,650 feet. At this point, Sullenberger took over the controls while Skiles begins going through the emergency procedures checklist in an attempt to restart the engines. Sullenberger asked the departure controller if they could attempt an emergency landing in Teterboro Airport as a possibility and was quickly gained permission to do so but he made his intention clear to bring the plane…show more content…
Damages are visible to the flaps and the right engine while the fuselage looks almost undamaged shown in figure 3. Figure 3: Crane lifts N106US back onto dry ground
The right engine was found attached to the wing with fractures and deformation in several locations of the nacelle while the left engine was found eight days after the accident, separated near the initial impact location with the waters (Knezevic). Both engines were sent to the Smithsonian Institution for analysis. Around the time of the incident, they were able to find feather and tissue samples from both engines (shown in figure 4) but wasn’t able to discriminate between multiple birds within the same species, sex, and maturity level (National). A more detailed DNA analysis was completed in February 2010 and determined that the left engine contained both male and female Canada geese remains, indicating that the engine ingested at least two geese. The average length can range between 25 to 45 inches while the average weight of a male Canada goose is from 3 to 13 pounds, and the average weight of a female goose is from 3 to 11 pounds (Canada). The Smithsonian Institution report stated that only male Canada goose remains were found in the right engine, suggesting that it might have only ingested one bird; however, a comparison of the physical features
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