Utilitarianism, Duty Theory And Virtue Theory

1060 WordsOct 13, 20155 Pages
Utilitarianism, Duty Theory and Virtue Theory are the three ethical theories discussed in Chapter 1. Utilitarianism theory is a philosophy in which the happiness of the greatest number of people in society is considered the greatest good. Organization with a direction under the perspective of utilitarianism would be interested in spreading a positive feature or service for a wide sector of the population. For instance Feeding America which is a non-profit organization that is a nationwide network of food banks that feeds over 46 million people through food pantries, soup kitchens, shelters, and other community-based agencies in communities across the United States. Feeding America doesn’t make products but they provide food products to the hungry. Feeding America would treat their employees with respect and encourage them to give back and customers would be thankful because they are being feed for free. Feeding America doesn’t manufacture food products but receive donations from companies and other charitable people. This non-profit is very successful because they fulfill their mission and people don’t question the company’s motives. Duty theory or deontology is the position that moral standards are grounded in instinctive obligations or duties that we have. The idea behind duty theory is that we are all born with basic moral principles or guidelines embedded in us, and we use these to judge the morality of people’s actions. An organization that operates from
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