Water Contamination Worldwide Is Becoming A Significant Issue For Public Health Essay

1427 WordsOct 18, 20166 Pages
Introduction: Water contamination worldwide is becoming a significant issue for public health. With that being said, 2.5 billion people, that being a third of the world’s population, lacks proper sanitation in water facilities (Nam et al.,). Sadly, this kills millions of people every year. The world has missed the MDG target for sanitation by almost 700 million people (World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP), 2015. Furthermore, in underdeveloped countries waterborne diseases such as, Escherichia Coli and other enteric of E. Coli cause death in over 2 million people a majority being children < 5 years of age. Diarrhea caused by waterborne disease is one of the most leading causes of death in the world today. Performing the skin patch test for detection of coliforms does not require an external energy source. Due to the abundance of pathogenic organisms from the intestines within human and animal feces, animals and humans are responsible for these deadly waterborne diseases. Prevention is the first step to a stopping this worldwide epidemic of water contamination (Nam et al., 2014). It is important to test water for coliforms consistently and regularly before water contamination can harm multiple communities and living mammals (World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP), 2015. As we also learned in lab, the U.S. federal regulations require a total absence of any coliform bacteria in 100 mL of tested water

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