What Does Hyponatremia Cause Illness?

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While most cells have room to stretch because they are embedded in flexible tissues, this is not the true for neurons. Within the brain cell there is almost zero room to expand and swell. So, brain edema, or swelling, can be disastrous. Rapid and severe hyponatremia causes the entry of water into brain cells leading to brain swelling, which present symptoms of seizures, coma, respiratory arrest, brain stem herniation and death.

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