What Does Not Outperform Just Reading?

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According to Dunlosky, there are many different techniques one can use to learn. They include elaborative interrogation, self-explanation, summarization, highlighting/underlining, keyword mnemonic, imagery for text, rereading, practice testing, distributed practice, and interleaved practice. For the purpose of this paper, I will talk about three of them: highlighting/underlining, practice testing, and summarizing. Highlighting and underlining are very common among students because they are simple to use and don’t require any extra time after reading the assignment. However, most studies have found that highlighting does not outperform just reading. Researchers believe highlighting correlates with the isolation effect, in which an item …show more content…

Some studies have experimented with training students to highlight. They found that training improved their performances. Because this is a very common technique, finding effective ways to use it may be easier than convincing students to stop highlighting and to find other strategies.
I have to admit that I am one of those students who studies by highlighting text. To be honest, I have not seen a difference in my performance by doing that. I just assume that by highlighting important information that I will remember more. However, I struggle when it comes to highlighting because I tend to highlight more than I need to. A lot of times, I think everything is important. Because I don’t see much of a difference in my performance, I would have to agree with Dunlosky that highlighting is not a very effective way of studying.
Practice testing can include practicing recall of certain information by flashcards, practice questions at the end of a textbook chapter, or practice tests online. Although practice testing is usually undesirable, it has been shown to improve learning. Testing can increase retention by triggering the elaborative retrieval processes. When you attempt to retrieve information, you have to search through your long-term memory and this activates related information as well that can be encoded. Recent evidence has shown that practice testing may improve how students organize information mentally and how well they process idiosyncratic parts of

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