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What Is ASD Abnormalities?

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Complex impairments observed in ASD patients are caused by a number of biological and environmental factors; these factors to ASD have gone through years of research and have sufficient evidence to support their truthfulness. Beginning with biological factors, “ASD abnormalities may result in abnormal mechanisms for brain development which may lead to structural and functional brain abnormalities,” a peer reviewed article by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association claims. The development of the brain is key and problems arise with genetic code development involving multiple brain regions, this can also include the frontal and anterior temporal lobes, caudate, and cerebellum. Relating to the frontal and temporal lobes, there is an increased…show more content…
The first type of treatment usually involves a behavioral treatment which I think it is the most important because it really focuses on teaching a autistic child how to behave in certain situations so they feel more comfortable; early intensive behavioral interventions involve a child’s entire working family and also working with a team of professionals, in many cases a therapist may come into the patients household to perform certain techniques and make the environment more comfortable. Under the therapists supervision sometimes parents can lead learning techniques to make the patient feel more comfortable and adapt better to the situations. If therapy does not take place at the home then a classroom environment would be appropriate where the main focus is to target social skills training. Also in classroom therapy there are specific training techniques that are very popular and have shown significant results, one of them is the Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA), this method of treatment “focuses on the principles that explain how learning takes place,” according to the Practices in Mental Health. One big factor involving ABA is positive reinforcement because when behavior is followed by a reward then that behavior is more likely to be performed, this method of treatment has dated back to the 1960’s and has had significant results. The second form of therapy that is used in classroom treatment is called the Early Start Denver Model (EDM), which is a comprehensive behavioral early intervention approach for children who are between the ages of 12 to 48 months, this model is geared towards the newborn babies which are learning at a fast pace and can absorb learning techniques very quickly. Some core features of this therapy is its naturalistic
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