What Is La Alhambra

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La Alhambra

Index
Introduction…………………………………. Page 27
Methodology………………………………… Page 28
Analysis and Development………. Page 29
Conclusion…………………………………. Page 34
Bibliography………………………………. Page 34
 INTRODUCTION

La Alhambra is located on a hill in the south of Spain, in Granada, which takes part of the Andalucía Community. It is a city inside the city of Granada, where you can find palaces, gardens and fortresses. In the past there where living the Nazari kingdom.
La Alhambra is surrounded at the north by the valley Darro, at the south by al-Sabika and on its east, is located “la cuesta del Rey Chico”.
La Alhambra is also called al-Hamrá “el castillo rojo” which means the red castle, this name comes from its appearance because it was made
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And it was built on the Sabika hill, one of the highest part of Granada.
During the 11th Century the place is reconstructed, as Ibn Nagrela constructed a fortress as a military place, which later on was destructed. At the same time Granada begins the capital of the Nazari Kingdome.
The most important historical and political moment of The Alhambra was during Muhammad I mandatory, which was from 1237 to 1273 and he was the first Nazari King. During this period of time the Alcazaba of la Alhambra was determinate as the principal settlement. The Alcazaba is the most representative place of this Century of the Alhambra.
On the 14th Century during the mandatory of Muhammad III, the Alhambra started to look more as a city, because he built “La Gran Mezquita de la Alhambra”. After all, there were some internal battles.
During the mandatory of Yusuf I, he continues the construction of Castle of Camares. His sun, Muhammed V continued building the places that his father did not finish and some other luxurious palaces. And Ismael I constructed another palace in the north part of the Alhambra and “La Puerta de armas”. This is the end of the Arabic
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We can divide them into three principal places: “El Mexur”, “Palacio de Comares”, “el Palacio de los Leones” and we can also include a place built by the Christians later on. It is the main attraction of La Alhambra, consequently it is always full of people.
• “El Mexuar”
It is one of the oldest places from “La Alhambra”, therefor is very difficult to know the exact date when it was built, as it suffered numerous destructions. Also, it is one of the places which was more times destructed and rebuilt by the Christians.

It was the place where political events and where celebrated and sometimes it was used as audience room. It also had a room at the top of the place where the king was listening without being seen. It is very curious that this place did not have windows, it was only open at the top of the roof. It is situated in a way that in the past the Arabic people could pray. During the Christian time it was used as a chapel. Its appearance is from the reconstructions between the 16th century and 20th century. The columns stand out from the Nazari architecture and also stands out the tile cloth on the walls which are combined Nazari and Christian

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