What Role Did Military Intelligence Play in World War Ii? Essay

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What role did military intelligence play in World War II? What role did military intelligence play in World War II? Joseph Reeder It is undeniable the principal role, military intelligence occupied in both the successes and failures of the main events that transpired in World War II, ranging from the breaking of the enigma code at Bletchley Park, to the D Day landings that arguably determined the outcome of the whole war. Military intelligence in the war encompasses not only spies and counterintelligence but also radar, signal, weather and mapping intelligence. Having preemptive knowledge via military intelligence, enabled both the Axis and Allies to preplan their attacks with maximum efficiency; reducing casualties and achieving …show more content…

This form of underwater naval warfare motivated the allies to readdress their entire trading defense routines formulating the convoy system as their first counter measure to this incessant problem. The wireless technology prevalent at the time allowed for Bletchley Park to intercept the various enigma codes. It was the laziness of German operators according to Keegan in his Intelligence in War that enabled Bletchley Park to crack some of the German signals directing their movements. "Bletchley called two forms of mistake made by German operators – each was the product of laziness". He continues to emphasize the difference the cracking of the intercepts made when it came to preparing for a major attack. "The red intercepts and decrypts were of vital importance during the Battle of Britain and the Blitz that followed it". Knowing the location of the intended targets in the bombing of Britain meant it was possible for the zones to be evacuated, minimizing civilian casualties and protecting valuable military technology. Signals Intelligence was in fact more beneficial in air warfare as this was where the most traffic was generated; the U boats tended to be much more clandestine in their maneuvers and the change of keys only worsened matters. Howard indicates it was after "Bletchley achieved a decisive breakthrough in December 1942" that the Allies were victorious in Battle of the Atlantic in the summer of 1943. However, attaining the

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