Why A Property Should Be Protected Or Not : Originality And Reproducibility

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In China, there are two criteria in determining whether a property should be protected or not: originality and reproducibility. We must first understand the different nature of Chinese characters. Different calligraphers used different techniques and styles to produce great works of art in many different literary or artistic forms. Because of the more intricate nature of characters and the more number of strokes than in any other character system, Chinese character fonts are very unique for its complex structures. Advanced complexity left more space for artistic creations and variations, which is one of the beauties of the character system, to ancient calligraphers and also requires much “independent and original effort” for typographers that create new Chinese typeface. It is quite obvious that forgery was a tremendous problem in the past and is still is, and many calligraphers and collectors of calligraphy pieces tried to find ways to figure out original pieces and to find methods to show that they really created a piece (QiaoSharon). Common ways to detecting forgeries are: tracing, copying, imitating, hacking, altering, and fabricating (The Palace Museum). I believe that this is analogous to how typeface creators or those who have the right to certain typeface want their typeface to be protected under the Chinese judicial system because of the originality and reproducibility nature of the art. In an era of an overflow of information and easy access to technology, it is

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