Women In Science. A Couple Of Centuries Ago, The Role Of

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Women in science. A couple of centuries ago, the role of women was different compared to what it is like today. Back in the Victorian period, women were subservient to men and had various limitations. Women were not usually allowed to hold jobs like men could instead they had to dedicate their time to their children and household activities. Not many women were allowed in the scientific field of study. Nevertheless, many women fought back to receive their freedom. Brave women like Lynn Margulis were determined to break the stereotypes and prove that women could be as intelligent as men in various tasks.
Education. Lynn Petra Alexander was born in Chicago, Illinois in 1938. A highly-educated woman who graduated from the University of
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However, Margulis often stated in many interviews that Sagan had an intellectual influence on her career. Nevertheless, years later, in 1967, Margulis married crystallographer Thomas N. Margulis. The couple had two children before their marriage ended in 1980.
Contributions and achievements. Lynn Margulis success did not come easily. Like other scientists, she had to stand up for her ideas and accept repeated rejections. When Margulis wrote about her theory of endosymbiosis, it took her multiple attempts and submissions to journals before it was published in 1967 under the Journal of Theoretical Biology as a fifty-page article. Margulis’s theory of endosymbiosis created the idea that eukaryotic cells evolved by the use and acquisition of smaller cells. The theory was criticized since it overturned the modern concept of how life originated on earth. The theory was clearly rejected by conservatives and religious individuals.
Ever since the incredible discovery of the mitochondria and chloroplast, scientists were trying to understand why both organelles resembled bacteria. Before Margulis’s research, scientists were uncertain whether the mitochondria was a free organism or how exactly did eukaryotic cells became complex and vital over time. However, we now know that organelles like the mitochondria and the chloroplast are dependent on other organelles within the cell to perform their essential functions. The

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