essay on hiv-aids

1669 WordsFeb 24, 20147 Pages
2000 words essay on: HIV-AIDS AIDS, The full form is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is caused by a virus called HIV (Human Immune Deficiency Virus). It is a condition in which the built in defence system of the body breaks down completely. This phenomenon is gradual but ultimately leads to total depletion of a very important cell component of the immune mechanism. Thus those who are affected are unable to combat with common diseases including even mild infections since his/her immunity is knocked out and body resistance is reduced.AIDS was recognized for the first time in the USA in 1981.In India it was identified in after 5 years in May 1986. In October 1985 the health authorities of the…show more content…
Some-times same syringes are used by many drug-addicts increasing the possibility of spreading the HIV infection. In Manipur where 40 to 50%of intravenous drug-users are HIV positive many of them are sent to jail in some cases even by their own parents. Blood donors too transmit the HIV infection. There are estimated to be 2000 blood banks in our country which supply about 20 lakh bottles of blood every year. Half of these blood banks are government banks and the remaining half is unlicensed. There are many professional donors who are also drug addicts which in turn may be HIV positive. When their blood is transfused to the patients without proper testing the HIV is transmitted. The pathological laboratories too transmit the HIV virus when they supply blood without scientific testing. Pregnant women who are HIV positive transmit the virus to the new-born children. About 65% of the pregnant women remain anaemic and require blood transfusion on the other hand some of the women get infected from their husbands. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in India is a rapidly escalating crisis. The government 's estimate that about 4 million persons in the country are HIV-positive is widely thought to understate the true figure. In several states of India, such as Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu, the epidemic has spread to the general population. The states that have not reported any HIV positive cases may be because of poor surveillance. It does not necessarily mean they are HIV-free. In

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