theories of crime

2411 Words Aug 20th, 2014 10 Pages
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction ……………………………………………………..1
Differential association theory………………..………………….2
Anomie theory……………………………………………………5
Conclusion……………………………………………………….11
References ………………………………………………………..13

INTRODUCTION
The crime rate is on the rise in Kenya some theories try to define these rising criminality in Kenya. Anomie theory and differential association theory best explain the rising criminality in Kenya like for example in Kenya many individuals are law abiding citizens this is according to Edwin Sutherland differential association theory. His theory gives priority to the power of social influences and learning experiences. Anomie theory refers to a situation in which cultural
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To understand the behavior of the corporate criminal, or for that matter the corrupt cop, Sutherland would direct us to the values and mores of that person 's immediate social circle. "Most communities," says Sutherland, "are organized for both criminal and anti-criminal behavior." Sutherland 's theory directs us toward the network of key social relations that differentiates the deviant and the conformist.
Sutherland 's original hope is that we could put variables like the "frequency, intensity, and duration" of exposure to deviant and non deviant definitions on a quasi-mathematical basis. Even if this isn 't possible, and so far it has proved highly resistant to such specification, the real challenge of applying Sutherland 's theory is to develop concrete criteria for these variables that are not after-the-fact. We have to be able to specify in advance of major law-breaking activities the networks and relationships that are propelling one individual toward crime and the other toward conformity.
We might want to supplement Sutherland 's differential association theory with another theory in the symbolic interactionist tradition, namely labeling theory. Which states that the theory of how the self-identity and behavior of individuals may be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classify them? It is associated with the concepts of self-fulfilling prophecy and stereotyping. Labeling
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