1.Using your measurements from Table 1, calculate the total momentum of the two carts before collision for each trial (this is the initial momentum, p). Show your calculations below and record your results in Table 2 below. 2.Using your measurements from Table 1, calculate the total momentum of the two carts after collision for each trial (this is the final momentum, p′). Show your calculations below and record your results in Table 2. 3.Calculate the % change in momentum during the collision for each trial. Show your calculations below and record your results in Table 2. % change = final − initial / initial × 100

Question

1.Using your measurements from Table 1, calculate the total momentum of the two carts before collision for each trial (this is the initial momentum, p). Show your calculations below and record your results in Table 2 below.

2.Using your measurements from Table 1, calculate the total momentum of the two carts after collision for each trial (this is the final momentum, p′). Show your calculations below and record your results in Table 2.

3.Calculate the % change in momentum during the collision for each trial. Show your calculations below and record your results in Table 2.

% change = final − initial / initial × 100

10. Using your measurements from Table 1, calculate the total kinetic energy of the two carts before collision for each trial (this is the initial kinetic energy, K). Show your calculations below and record your results in Table 2.

11. Using your measurements from Table 1, calculate the total kinetic energy of the two carts after collision for each trial (this is the final kinetic energy, Kʹ). Show your calculations below and record your results in Table 2.

12. Calculate the % change in kinetic energy during the collision for each trial. Show your calculations below and record your results in Table 2.

% change = final − initial / initial× 100

 

13. You will probably find that the total momentum changed slightly during each trial. Explain what might have caused the total momentum of your system to change during the collisions.

 

14You should have found that the collision reduced the total kinetic energy of your system in each trial. Where did the kinetic energy lost during the collision go? In other words, what forms of energy might the lost kinetic energy have been converted to?

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