2015 2016 2017 Current ratio 1.80 1.89 1.96 Acid-test (quick) ratio Accounts receivable turnover 1.04 0.99 0.87 8.75 7.71 6.42 Inventory turnover Debt to assets ratio 4.91 4.32 3.42 51.0% 46.0% 41.0% Long-term debt to assets ratio Sales to fixed assets (fixed asset turnover) Sales as a percent of 2015 sales Gross margin percentage Net income to sales 31.0% 27.0% 24.0% 1.58 1.69 1.79 1.00 1.03 1.07 36.0% 35.1% 34.6% 6.9% 7.0% 7.2% Return on assets 7.7% 7.7% 7.8% Return on common stockholders' equity 13.6% 13.1% 12.7%

Question

(Analysis of Given Ratios) Picasso Company is a wholesale distributor of packaging equipment and supplies. The company’s sales have averaged about $900,000 annually for the 3-year period 2015–2017. The firm’s total assets at the end of 2017 amounted to $850,000.
The president of Picasso Company has asked the controller to prepare a report that summarizes the financial aspects of the company’s operations for the past 3 years. This report will be presented to the board of directors at their next meeting.
In addition to comparative financial statements, the controller has decided to present a number of relevant financial ratios which can assist in the identification and interpretation of trends. At the request of the controller, the accounting staff has calculated the following ratios for the 3-year period 2015–2017.

Check the below image for following ratios.

In preparation of the report, the controller has decided first to examine the financial ratios independent of any other data to determine if the ratios themselves reveal any significant trends over the 3-year period.
Instructions
(a) The current ratio is increasing while the acid-test (quick) ratio is decreasing. Using the ratios provided, identify and explain the contributing factor(s) for this apparently divergent trend.

(b) In terms of the ratios provided, what conclusion(s) can be drawn regarding the company’s use of financial leverage during the 2015–2017 period?

(c) Using the ratios provided, what conclusion(s) can be drawn regarding the company’s net investment in plant and equipment?

2015
2016
2017
Current ratio
1.80
1.89
1.96
Acid-test (quick) ratio
Accounts receivable turnover
1.04
0.99
0.87
8.75
7.71
6.42
Inventory turnover
Debt to assets ratio
4.91
4.32
3.42
51.0%
46.0%
41.0%
Long-term debt to assets ratio
Sales to fixed assets (fixed asset turnover)
Sales as a percent of 2015 sales
Gross margin percentage
Net income to sales
31.0%
27.0%
24.0%
1.58
1.69
1.79
1.00
1.03
1.07
36.0%
35.1%
34.6%
6.9%
7.0%
7.2%
Return on assets
7.7%
7.7%
7.8%
Return on common stockholders' equity
13.6%
13.1%
12.7%
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Transcribed Image Text

2015 2016 2017 Current ratio 1.80 1.89 1.96 Acid-test (quick) ratio Accounts receivable turnover 1.04 0.99 0.87 8.75 7.71 6.42 Inventory turnover Debt to assets ratio 4.91 4.32 3.42 51.0% 46.0% 41.0% Long-term debt to assets ratio Sales to fixed assets (fixed asset turnover) Sales as a percent of 2015 sales Gross margin percentage Net income to sales 31.0% 27.0% 24.0% 1.58 1.69 1.79 1.00 1.03 1.07 36.0% 35.1% 34.6% 6.9% 7.0% 7.2% Return on assets 7.7% 7.7% 7.8% Return on common stockholders' equity 13.6% 13.1% 12.7%