a) Outline the essential problem with light, aether and the principle of relativity. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ONLY PART (i) and (iii) for (b) b) 'A frame of reference' is the object against which velocity is measured. The object such as the Earth or Sun provides a coordinate system for the purpose of assigning positions and times to events (i) Contrast an inertial frame of reference with a non-inertial frame of reference (ii) Describe what you would observe if you were to drop a coin in an aeroplane which is flying horizontally at a constant speed (iii) Explain how the observation made in (ii) illustrates that the aeroplane is an inertial frame of reference

Question

a) Outline the essential problem with light, aether and the principle of relativity.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ONLY PART (i) and (iii) for (b)

b) 'A frame of reference' is the object against which velocity is measured. The object such as the Earth or Sun provides a coordinate system for the purpose of assigning positions and times to events

(i) Contrast an inertial frame of reference with a non-inertial frame of reference

(ii) Describe what you would observe if you were to drop a coin in an aeroplane which is flying horizontally at a constant speed

(iii) Explain how the observation made in (ii) illustrates that the aeroplane is an inertial frame of reference

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