Cornerstones of Cost Management (Cornerstones Series)

4th Edition

ISBN: 9781305970663

Author: Don R. Hansen, Maryanne M. Mowen

Publisher: Cengage Learning

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Company A has current sales of $4,000,000 and a 45% contribution margin. Its fixed costs are $600,000. Company B is a service firm with current service revenue of $2,800,000 and a 15% contribution margin. Company Bs fixed costs are $375,000. Compute the degree of operating leverage for both companies. Which company will benefit most from a 15% increase in sales? Explain why.

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Morris Industries manufactures and sells three products (AA, BB, and CC). The sales price and unit variable cost for the three products are as follows: Their sales mix s reflected as a ratio of 5:3:2. Annual fixed costs shared by the three products are $25,000 per year. What are total variable costs for Morris with their current product mix? Calculate the number of units of each product that will need to be sold in order for Morris to break even. What is their break-even point in sales dollars? Using an income statement format, prove that this is the break-even point.

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Garrett Company provided the following information: Common fixed cost totaled 46,000. Garrett allocates common fixed cost to Product 1 and Product 2 on the basis of sales. If Product 2 is dropped, which of the following is true? a. Sales will increase by 300,000. b. Overall operating income will increase by 2,600. c. Overall operating income will decrease by 25,000. d. Overall operating income will not change. e. Common fixed cost will decrease by 27,600.

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Abilene Industries manufactures and sells three products (XX, W, and ZZ). The sales price and unit variable cost for the three products are as follows: Their sales mix is reflected as a ratio of 4:2:1. Annual fixed costs shared by the three products are $345.000 per year. What are total variable costs for Abilene with their current product mix? Calculate the number of units of each product that will need to be sold in order for Abilene to break even. What is their break-even point in sales dollars? Using an income statement format, prove that this is the break-even point.

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Salvador Manufacturing builds and sells snowboards, skis and poles. The sales price and variable cost for each follows: Their sales mix is reflected in the ratio 7:3:2. If annual fixed costs shared by the three products are $196,200, how many units of each product will need to be sold in order for Salvador to break even?

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Lotts Company produces and sells one product. The selling price is 10, and the unit variable cost is 6. Total fixed cost is 10,000. Required: 1. Prepare a CVP graph with Units Sold as the horizontal axis and Dollars as the vertical axis. Label the break-even point on the horizontal axis. 2. Prepare CVP graphs for each of the following independent scenarios: (a) Fixed cost increases by 5,000, (b) Unit variable cost increases to 7, (c) Unit selling price increases to 12, and (d) Fixed cost increases by 5,000 and unit variable cost is 7.

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Starling Co. manufactures one product with a selling price of 18 and variable cost of 12. Starlings total annual fixed costs are 38,400. If operating income last year was 28,800, what was the number of units Starling sold? a. 4,800 b. 6,400 c. 5,600 d. 11,200

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Olivian Company wants to earn 420,000 in net (after-tax) income next year. Its product is priced at 275 per unit. Product costs include: Variable selling expense is 14 per unit; fixed selling and administrative expense totals 290,000. Olivian has a tax rate of 40 percent. Required: 1. Calculate the before-tax profit needed to achieve an after-tax target of 420,000. 2. Calculate the number of units that will yield operating income calculated in Requirement 1 above. (Round to the nearest unit.) 3. Prepare an income statement for Olivian Company for the coming year based on the number of units computed in Requirement 2. 4. What if Olivian had a 35 percent tax rate? Would the units sold to reach a 420,000 target net income be higher or lower than the units calculated in Requirement 3? Calculate the number of units needed at the new tax rate. (Round dollar amounts to the nearest dollar and unit amounts to the nearest unit.)

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Sales Needed to Earn Target Income Chillmax Company plans to sell 3,500 pairs of shoes at 60 each in the coming year. Variable cost is 35% of the sales price; contribution margin is 65% of the sales price. Total fixed cost equals 78,000 (includes fixed factory overhead and fixed selling and administrative expense). Required: 1. Calculate the sales revenue that Chillmax must make to earn operating income of 81,900 by using the point in sales equation. 2. Check your answer by preparing a contribution margin income statement based on the sales dollars calculated in Requirement 1.

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Jakarta Company is a service firm with current service revenue of $400,000 and a 40% contribution margin. Its fixed costs are $80,000. Maldives Company has current sales of $6,610,000 and a 45% contribution margin. Its fixed costs are $1,800,000. What is the margin of safety for jaka rta and Maldives? Compare the margin of safety in dollars between the two companies. Which is stronger? Compare the margin of safety in percentage between the two companies. Now, which one is stronger? Compute the degree of operating leverage for both companies. Which company will benefit most from a 15% increase in sales? Explain why. Illustrate your findings in an Income Statement that is increased by 15%.

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Sell or Process Further, Basic Analysis Shenista Inc. produces four products (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and Delta) from a common input. The joint costs for a typical quarter follow: The revenues from each product are as follows: Alpha, 100,000; Beta, 93,000; Gamma, 30,000; and Delta, 40,000. Management is considering processing Delta beyond the split-off point, which would increase the sales value of Delta to 75,000. However, to process Delta further means that the company must rent some special equipment that costs 15,400 per quarter. Additional materials and labor also needed will cost 8,500 per quarter. Required: 1. What is the operating profit earned by the four products for one quarter? 2. CONCEPTUAL CONNECTION Should the division process Delta further or sell it at split-off? What is the effect of the decision on quarterly operating profit?

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Break-even sales under present and proposed conditions Kearney Company, operating at full capacity, sold 400,000 units at a price of $246.60 per unit during 20Y5. Its income statement for 20Y5 is as follows: The division of costs between fixed and variable is as follows: Management is considering a plant expansion program that will permit an increase of $8,631,000 (35.000 units at $246.60) in yearly sales. The expansion will increase fixed costs by $3,600,000 but will not affect the relationship between sales and variable costs. Instructions Determine for 20Y5 the total fixed costs and the total variable costs.

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