Question

Asked Sep 27, 2019

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Determine the maximum number of electrons that can be found in each of the following subshells.

3*s* subshell:

3*d* subshell:

4*p* subshell:

5*f* subshell:

4*f* subshell:

Step 1

The number of electrons that can be filled in a particular subshell depends upon the number of orbitals present in that subshell, which is equal to 2l + 1, where, l is the magnetic quantum number.

Each orbital present in a subshell can hold a maximum of 2 electrons. So, the maximum number of electrons that can be found in any orbital is 2(2l + 1).

Step 2

The magnetic quantum number for 3s subshell is 0. Therefore, the maximum number of electrons that can be filled in this subshell is,

Maximum number of electrons = 2(2 × 0 + 1)

= 2

Hence, the maximum number of electrons that can be found in 3s subshell is 2.

Step 3

The magnetic quantum number for 4p subshell is 1. Therefore, the maximum number of electrons that can be filled in this subshell is,

Maximum number of electrons = 2(2 × 1 + 1)

&nb...

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