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Explain how the symmetry of orbital overlap between atoms gives rise to sigma and pi bonds.

Question

Explain how the symmetry of orbital overlap between atoms gives rise to sigma and pi bonds. 

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Step 1

The symmetry of orbital overlap between atoms that gives rise to form sigma bond is explained as follows,

Two atoms share electrons between them in order to fulfill their octets. When two atomic orbitals combine, they give ...

Head-on overlap
Н
Н
-- bond axis
1s orbital
1s orbital
C-H sigma bonds
Head-on overlap
6 x
Н
2 x
C - sp3 orbitals
H s orbitals
C-C sigma bond
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Head-on overlap Н Н -- bond axis 1s orbital 1s orbital C-H sigma bonds Head-on overlap 6 x Н 2 x C - sp3 orbitals H s orbitals C-C sigma bond

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