Gaseous methane CH4 will react with gaseous oxygen O2 to produce gaseous carbon dioxide CO2 and gaseous water H2O. Suppose 7.1 g of methane is mixed with 16.3 g of oxygen. Calculate the maximum mass of water that could be produced by the chemical reaction. Be sure your answer has the correct number of significant digits.

Question
Asked Sep 14, 2019

Gaseous methane CH4 will react with gaseous oxygen O2 to produce gaseous carbon dioxide CO2 and gaseous water H2O. Suppose 7.1 g of methane is mixed with 16.3 g of oxygen. Calculate the maximum mass of water that could be produced by the chemical reaction. Be sure your answer has the correct number of significant digits.

check_circleExpert Solution
Step 1

Given,

Mass of methane = 7.1 g

Mass of oxygen = 16.3 g

First write balanced equation for the given reaction.  Calculate moles of reactants and then determine the limiting reactant as follows.

Balanced Equation:
со, + 2H,0
Mass of CH
Molar mass of CH
CH 202
4
7.1 g
-0.44 moles
Moles of CH
16.04 g/mol
4
16.3 g 102 moles
Mass of O
Moles of O
=
Molar mass of O,
16 g/mol
help_outline

Image Transcriptionclose

Balanced Equation: со, + 2H,0 Mass of CH Molar mass of CH CH 202 4 7.1 g -0.44 moles Moles of CH 16.04 g/mol 4 16.3 g 102 moles Mass of O Moles of O = Molar mass of O, 16 g/mol

fullscreen
Step 2

Determination of limiting reactant:

From the balanced equation of reaction, it is known that one mole of methane reacts with two moles of oxygen.

So, 0.44 moles of methane react with 2*0.44 = 0.88 moles of oxygen.

From ...

Want to see the full answer?

See Solution

Check out a sample Q&A here.

Want to see this answer and more?

Solutions are written by subject experts who are available 24/7. Questions are typically answered within 1 hour*

See Solution
*Response times may vary by subject and question
Tagged in

Science

Chemistry

Related Chemistry Q&A

Find answers to questions asked by student like you

Show more Q&A add
question_answer

Q: A. Ultraviolet 10-8 to 10-7 meters B. X-ray 10-11 to 10-8 meters C. Gamma ray 10-16 to 10-11 ...

A: To calculate the region, it is required to calculate the wavelength, which can be done as,

question_answer

Q: Suppose that 0.95 g of water condenses on a 75.0-g block of iron that is initially at 22 °C. If the ...

A: To calculate the final temperature of iron block, the energy is calculated from the condensation of ...

question_answer

Q: Write a balanced equation for the neutralization of barium hydroxide by sulfuric acid . Use the smal...

A: Barium hydroxide reacts with sulfuric acid to produce barium sulfate and water.Balanced equation mea...

question_answer

Q: With reference to the Solubility Rule for Common ionic compounds in water, suggest one method by whi...

A: Separation of a given mixture of the cation is done on the basis of formation of precipitates by cat...

question_answer

Q: determine the number of significant figures for each given number 0.000203 200. 31.001 0.00001 200.0...

A: The below are a few rules that can help you count the significant figures in the given value.All non...

question_answer

Q: In paper chromatogaphy lab, which dyes are least attracted to the stationary phase

A: Adjusting the polarity of the mobile phase caused different components to travel through the column....

question_answer

Q: Osmium (Os) is the densest element known (density = 22.57 g/cm3). Calculate the mass in pounds and i...

A: Given:The density of Osmium = 22.57 g/cm3.Diameter = 16 cm; radius = 8cm.Volume of sphere = (4/3)πr3...

question_answer

Q: 2. Write ionic and net ionic equations for the following reactions: NaNO3 + KCl AgNO3 + Na2SO4 →BaCl...

A: (a)In the first three reactions, a product is being formed that is insoluble in water at moderate te...

question_answer

Q: Determine the chemical equation for the reaction between Fe3+ and Cu2+ with NH3.

A: We have to determine the chemical equation for the reaction between Fe3+ and Cu2+ with NH3.