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StatisticsQ&A LibraryIs the magnitude of an earthquake related to the depth below the surface at which the quake occurs? Let x be the magnitude of an earthquake (on the Richter scale), and let y be the depth (in kilometers) of the quake below the surface at the epicenter. x 2.8 3.9 3.3 4.5 2.6 3.2 3.4 y 4.7 9.6 11.2 10.0 7.9 3.9 5.5 (a) Make a scatter diagram of the data. Flash Player version 10 or higher is required for this question. You can get Flash Player free from Adobe's website. Then visualize the line you think best fits the data.(b) Use a calculator to verify that Σx = 23.7, Σx2 = 82.75, Σy = 52.8, Σy2 = 447.56 and Σxy = 184.28.Compute r. (Round to 3 decimal places.) As x increases, does the value of r imply that y should tend to increase or decrease? Explain your answer. Given our value of r, we can not draw any conclusions for the behavior of y as x increases. Given our value of r, y should tend to remain constant as x increases. Given our value of r, y should tend to decrease as x increases. Given our value of r, y should tend to increase as x increases.Question

Is the magnitude of an earthquake related to the depth below the surface at which the quake occurs? Let *x* be the magnitude of an earthquake (on the Richter scale), and let *y* be the depth (in kilometers) of the quake below the surface at the epicenter.

x |
2.8 | 3.9 | 3.3 | 4.5 | 2.6 | 3.2 | 3.4 |

y |
4.7 | 9.6 | 11.2 | 10.0 | 7.9 | 3.9 | 5.5 |

(a) Make a scatter diagram of the data.

Then visualize the line you think best fits the data.

(b) Use a calculator to verify that Σ*x* = 23.7, Σ*x*^{2} = 82.75, Σ*y* = 52.8, Σ*y*^{2} = 447.56 and Σ*xy* = 184.28.

Compute*r*. (Round to 3 decimal places.)

As*x* increases, does the value of *r* imply that *y* should tend to increase or decrease? Explain your answer.

Flash Player version 10 or higher is required for this question.

You can get Flash Player free from Adobe's website.

Then visualize the line you think best fits the data.

(b) Use a calculator to verify that Σ

Compute

As

Given our value of *r*, we can not draw any conclusions for the behavior of *y* as *x* increases.

Given our value of *r*, *y* should tend to remain constant as *x* increases.

Given our value of *r*, *y* should tend to decrease as *x* increases.

Given our value of *r*, *y* should tend to increase as *x* increases.

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