Question
Asked Nov 16, 2019
17 views

Name the following molecules according to the IUPAC rules:

 

O
II
5. CH3-CH2-CH2-CH2-C-CH3
NH2
6. CH3-CH-CH2-CH3
13.
help_outline

Image Transcriptionclose

O II 5. CH3-CH2-CH2-CH2-C-CH3 NH2 6. CH3-CH-CH2-CH3 13.

fullscreen
check_circle

Expert Answer

Step 1

IUPAC name of a straight chain compound containing single functional group, consists of :

root word + primary suffix + secondary suffix.

Here, root word  indicates number of carbon atoms in longest chain

Primary suffix indicates the presence of single or multiple carbon-carbon bond. Hence, it is either ane, ene or yne. The last 'e' is dropped while writing the name.

Secondary suffix indicates the functional group present in the compound.

The rules to be followed while writing the name of such compounds are :

1) Longest carbon chain must be selected in such a way that functional group is included in that chain.

2) Numbering should be done in such a way that the functional group gets the lowest number.

Step 2

5)

In this compound, there is a straight chain comprising of a ketone group and six carbon atoms.

As six carbon atoms are present, root word is hex

As only single carbon-carbon bonds are present, primary suffix is ane

Functional group here, is a ketone group, so, suffix is one

Now, the numbering (in blue) starts from that end at which ketone group gets lowest number , as shown:

Hence, the name of compound is Hexan-2-one.

Step 3

6.

In this compound, there is a straight chain comprising of an amino group and four carbon atoms.

As four carbon atoms are present, root word is but.

As only single carbon-carbon bonds are present, primary suffix is ane.

Functional group here, is an amino , so, suffix is amine.

Now, the numbering (in blue) starts from that end a...

Want to see the full answer?

See Solution

Check out a sample Q&A here.

Want to see this answer and more?

Solutions are written by subject experts who are available 24/7. Questions are typically answered within 1 hour.*

See Solution
*Response times may vary by subject and question.
Tagged in

Science

Chemistry

Organic Chemistry

Related Chemistry Q&A

Find answers to questions asked by student like you

Show more Q&A add
question_answer

Q: Identify the two diastereomeric hydroboration-oxidation products that can be formed from the followi...

A: The hydroboration oxidation reaction is used to form alcohol from an alkene. First, the addition of ...

question_answer

Q: Calculate the mass in grams of CH4 gas that can be dissolved in 625.  ML of water at 25 Celsius and ...

A: At 25°C the Henry’s Law constant for methane (CH4) gas in water is 1.4×10-3 M/atm.The mass in grams ...

question_answer

Q: Predict what is present in each of the following: a. A solution that turns orange-red when mixed wit...

A: (a)Benedict’s reagent is used for the detection of the presence of reducing sugars.If a solution tur...

question_answer

Q: X Home Mail - Esther CeronSotelo - Outlo X (78) How to Calculate Oxidation b Answered: G formula for...

A: A balanced chemical equation is an equation which contains same elements in same number on both the ...

question_answer

Q: A student performs this experiment but forgets to remove air bubbles from the NaOH buret valve. (a) ...

A: The percentage of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in a sample is calculated using the back titration metho...

question_answer

Q: 13.31 (a) Would you expect stearic acid, CH3(CH2)16COOH, to be more soluble in water or in carbon te...

A: (a)Stearic acid has a carboxyl group "COOH" portion in it, that might hydrogen-bond to water molecul...

question_answer

Q: Com X Bb Mas X Mas X Hom X K! Kahx Exan X K! Kah X Mitc X КI Kah X K Kah x K! Kah x Kah x K Kahx C s...

A: Dipole moment:The charge separation of the molecule produces dipole moment. Dipole moment arises bet...

question_answer

Q: 28) Acid/ Base reaction of an amine CH,-CH2-NH2 + H2CO3 29) Hydrolysis of an amide II CH,-CH2-CH2-CH...

A: Carbonic acid reacts with any primary amine to give carbamic acid, here ethyl amine react with carbo...

question_answer

Q: How many milliliters of a 0.50 M NaCl solution would be needed to completely react with 8.00 grams o...

A: The given Reaction is,