Question
Asked Oct 3, 2019
3 views

Name the following 

ОН
Он
Cl
GD
NO2
F
.SH
Н
Е
Вr
ОН
ОН
С)
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ОН Он Cl GD NO2 F .SH Н Е Вr ОН ОН С)

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Expert Answer

Step 1

Some rules to follow for writing names organic compounds:

  • Identify the longest carbon chain. This chain is called the parent chain.
  • Recognize the functional group in the compound. This will determine the suffix of the name.
  • Identify all of the substituent’s (groups appending from the parent chain).
  • Number the carbons of the parent chain from the end that gives the substituent’s the lowest numbers.
  • If the same substituent occurs more than once, the location of each point on which the substituent occurs is given. In addition, the number of times the substituent group occurs is indicated by a prefix (di, tri, tetra, etc.).
  • A cyclic (ring) hydrocarbon is designated by the prefix cyclo- which appears directly in front of the base name.
Functional group
suffix
alkane
-ane
alkene
-ene
alkyne
alcohol
-yne
-ol
-al
aldehyde
ketone
-one
carboxylic acid
-oic acid
ester
-oate
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Functional group suffix alkane -ane alkene -ene alkyne alcohol -yne -ol -al aldehyde ketone -one carboxylic acid -oic acid ester -oate

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Step 2

It is a six-member ring and one double bond is present at 2nd carbon, functional group is thiol (SH).

6
SH
5
Cyclo Hex-2-en-1-thiol
2
4
3
CC
LO
st
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6 SH 5 Cyclo Hex-2-en-1-thiol 2 4 3 CC LO st

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Step 3

OH attached to benzene ring called as phenol and nitr...

он
3-Nitro Phenol
5
NO2
st
LO
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он 3-Nitro Phenol 5 NO2 st LO

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