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The Skeleton in the LakeThe discovery: A retired couple discovers the skeletal remains of an unknown individual while out bird watching at the Montlake wetlands area. The body had been dumped into the wetlands, and had been submerged and hung up in vegetation for an unknown time period.Missing persons: There are two fairly recent missing person’s cases that are relevant to this discovery:Case 1: Male, age 28, 5’ 11” tall, weight 180 lbs. Native American. Construction worker, currently employed at a big job site in Bellevue. Broke his left radius while in junior high school, playing baseball. Does rock climbing as a hobby. Dental records not available. Family says he took good care of his teeth, but unknown if he had any fillings.Case 2: Male, age 36, 5’ 11” tall, weight 180. Caucasian. Software developer at Microsoft. Plays no sports. Fractured left radius three years ago while on vacation (slipped and fell at the poolside). Hobbies include going out with friends on the weekend, and video gaming with friends. Family moved from Midwest, dental records destroyed in clinic fire in their hometown. Family said he had “perfect teeth.” (Be careful here. Where is the evidence for this, if it even exists or is accurate?)Your task: What are some clues in the skeleton you can look for that will help you decide if this skeleton belongs to one of these men?DNA analysis is NOT the first thing that would be done--it is expensive, and results aren't quick in coming back to the involved police department. The very first question you must ask (and answer, using the remains) is, what is the gender of the skeleton?How would you know if you were looking at a male or a female? Next, list additional indications in the skeletal remains you could look for that would help you identify the victim. (You may list more than five characteristics or features if you are able to do so.)

Question

The Skeleton in the Lake

The discovery: A retired couple discovers the skeletal remains of an unknown individual while out bird watching at the Montlake wetlands area. The body had been dumped into the wetlands, and had been submerged and hung up in vegetation for an unknown time period.
Missing persons: There are two fairly recent missing person’s cases that are relevant to this discovery:

Case 1: Male, age 28, 5’ 11” tall, weight 180 lbs. Native American. Construction worker, currently employed at a big job site in Bellevue. Broke his left radius while in junior high school, playing baseball. Does rock climbing as a hobby. Dental records not available. Family says he took good care of his teeth, but unknown if he had any fillings.

Case 2: Male, age 36, 5’ 11” tall, weight 180. Caucasian. Software developer at Microsoft. Plays no sports. Fractured left radius three years ago while on vacation (slipped and fell at the poolside). Hobbies include going out with friends on the weekend, and video gaming with friends. Family moved from Midwest, dental records destroyed in clinic fire in their hometown. Family said he had “perfect teeth.” (Be careful here. Where is the evidence for this, if it even exists or is accurate?)

Your task: What are some clues in the skeleton you can look for that will help you decide if this skeleton belongs to one of these men?

DNA analysis is NOT the first thing that would be done--it is expensive, and results aren't quick in coming back to the involved police department. The very first question you must ask (and answer, using the remains) is, what is the gender of the skeleton?
How would you know if you were looking at a male or a female? Next, list additional indications in the skeletal remains you could look for that would help you identify the victim. (You may list more than five characteristics or features if you are able to do so.)

check_circleAnswer
Step 1

There are many features given in the question, which can be used for the identification of the features. The dental records are unavailable, so, the difference with the help of the teeth cannot be found. Also, the height and the weight of the two missing persons are similar, so, the length of the bone would also be similar.

Step 2

The skeletal remains found can be used to determine the sex of the skeleton, depending on the structural features of the skull and the pelvis. The main differences between the skeleton of male and female are listed below:

  1. Males have stronger jaw bones and prominent brow line as compared to the male counterparts.
  2. The pelvis of the females is rou...

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