  Two objects are at rest on a frictionless surface. Object 1 has a greater mass than object 2.(a) When a constant force is applied to object 1, it accelerates through a distance d in a straight line. The force is removed from object 1 and is applied to object 2. At the moment when object 2 has accelerated through the same distance d, which statements are true? (Select all that apply.)p1 < p2, p1 = p2, K1 > K2, p1 > p2, K1 = K2, K1 < K2 (b)When a force is applied to object 1, it accelerates for a time interval Δt. The force is removed from object 1 and is applied to object 2. Which statements are true after object 2 has accelerated for the same time interval Δt? (Select all that apply.)K1 > K2, p1 < p2, K1 < K2, p1 > p2, p1 = p2, K1 = K2

Question

Two objects are at rest on a frictionless surface. Object 1 has a greater mass than object 2.

(a) When a constant force is applied to object 1, it accelerates through a distance d in a straight line. The force is removed from object 1 and is applied to object 2. At the moment when object 2 has accelerated through the same distance d, which statements are true? (Select all that apply.)
p1 < p2, p1 = p2, K1 > K2, p1 > p2, K1 = K2, K1 < K2

(b)When a force is applied to object 1, it accelerates for a time interval Δt. The force is removed from object 1 and is applied to object 2. Which statements are true after object 2 has accelerated for the same time interval Δt? (Select all that apply.)
K1 > K2, p1 < p2, K1 < K2, p1 > p2, p1 = p2, K1 = K2
Step 1

(a)

Let the mass of object 1 be M and the mass of object 2 be m. Given that M>m. According to Newton’s law, the acceleration on the objects can be expressed in terms of the force applied on them and their masses as,

Step 2

Since both the objects are moving from rest, their initial speed is zero. Thus, their final speed as they travel a distance d can be computed as,

Step 3

The momentum of the two objects when they cover a di...

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