Various types of accounting changes can affect the financial statements of a business enterprise differently. Assume that the following list describes changes that have a material effect on the financial statements for the current year of your business enterprise. 1. A change from the completed-contract method to the percentage-of-completion method of accounting for long-term construction-type contracts. 2. A change in the estimated useful life of previously recorded fixed assets as a result of newly acquired information. 3. A change from deferring and amortizing preproduction costs to recording such costs as an expense when incurred because future benefits of the costs have become doubtful. The new accounting method was adopted in recognition of the change in estimated future benefits. 4. A change from including the employer share of FICA taxes with payroll tax expenses to including it with “Retirement benefits” on the income statement. 5. Correction of a mathematical error in inventory pricing made in a prior period. 6. A change from presentation of statements of individual companies to presentation of consolidated statements. 7. A change in the method of accounting for leases for tax purposes to conform with the financial accounting method. As a result, both deferred and current taxes payable changed substantially. 8. A change from the FIFO method of inventory pricing to the LIFO method of inventory pricing. Instructions Identify the type of change that is described in each item above and indicate whether the prior year's financial statements should be recast when presented in comparative form with the current year's financial statements.

Question

Various types of accounting changes can affect the financial statements of a business enterprise differently. Assume that the following list describes changes that have a material effect on the financial statements for the current year of your business enterprise.

  • 1. A change from the completed-contract method to the percentage-of-completion method of accounting for long-term construction-type contracts.
  • 2. A change in the estimated useful life of previously recorded fixed assets as a result of newly acquired information.
  • 3. A change from deferring and amortizing preproduction costs to recording such costs as an expense when incurred because future benefits of the costs have become doubtful. The new accounting method was adopted in recognition of the change in estimated future benefits.
  • 4. A change from including the employer share of FICA taxes with payroll tax expenses to including it with “Retirement benefits” on the income statement.
  • 5. Correction of a mathematical error in inventory pricing made in a prior period.
  • 6. A change from presentation of statements of individual companies to presentation of consolidated statements.
  • 7. A change in the method of accounting for leases for tax purposes to conform with the financial accounting method. As a result, both deferred and current taxes payable changed substantially.
  • 8. A change from the FIFO method of inventory pricing to the LIFO method of inventory pricing.

Instructions

Identify the type of change that is described in each item above and indicate whether the prior year's financial statements should be recast when presented in comparative form with the current year's financial statements.

 

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