Question

What two processes ensure that the correct amino acid
is added to a growing polypeptide chain?

Expert Answer

Want to see the step-by-step answer?

Check out a sample Q&A here.

Want to see this answer and more?

Experts are waiting 24/7 to provide step-by-step solutions in as fast as 30 minutes!*

*Response times may vary by subject and question complexity. Median response time is 34 minutes for paid subscribers and may be longer for promotional offers.
Tagged in
Science
Biology

Molecular Biology

Related Biology Q&A

Find answers to questions asked by students like you.

Q: A reduced compound isa. NAD+ b. FAD c. NADH   d. ADP

A: A cell is the fundamental unit of life. All living organisms are made up of one or many cells. Each ...

Q: Watch this video (http://openstaxcollege.org/l/3Dpelvis) for a 3-D view of the pelvis and its associ...

A: Pelvis is the lower region of a human body and is present in between thighs and abdomen. This region...

Q: Which of the following about osmosis is true?

A: Osmosis is one of the methods of the transport of solvent between two cells through a semi-permeable...

Q: What are lysosomes? What is their function?

A: The eukaryotic cells have many membrane-bounded cell organelles. They are present in the cytoplasm o...

Q: Which statement best describes why antimicrobial drugs that affect cell wall synthesis tend to have ...

A: Antimicrobial drugs are the class of drugs that are used to treat a microbial infection. They suppre...

Q: What is lymph node?

A: The lymphatic system refers to the organ system present in the immune system and circulatory system....

Q: In metagenomic studies, a comparison of ribosomal RNA sequences is often used to determine the numbe...

A: The base composition of the genetic material is the same in all the species present on earth. The ni...

Q: What is labelled diagram of Brugia malayi ?

A: Step 1 Phylum ascheleminthes or nemathelminthes is a phylum of unsegmented, triploblastic, pseudocoe...

Q: New combinations of already existing alleles arise from Which two different types of meiotic events?

A: Meiosis is one of the types of cell division parts from mitosis. It is otherwise known as a reductio...

Q: How mitosis differs in animal and plant cells?

A: Cell division is a process by which a parental cell gives rise to two or more cells. Cell division i...

Q: What happens to placenta after the birth of the baby?

A: The process of physical expulsion of the fetus and placenta from the uterus is called labor or partu...

Q: WHAT IF? In eukaryotic cells, mRNAs have been foundto have a circular arrangement in which proteins ...

A: The central dogma of molecular biology explains the flow of genetic information through the sequenti...

Q: Why is the repression of genes by DNA methylation long-term?

A: Genetics is a branch of science that deals in the study of genes, heredity, and genetic variation of...

Q: Where are mucous membranes found in the bodyand what do they consist of? How do they preventpathogen...

A: The non-specific defense is provided to the body by the physical defense. The physical defense inclu...

Q: What are twins?Genetically what are the twotypes of twins that can begenerated?

A: Pregnancy is also termed as gestation during which one or more offspring develop in the uterus of a ...

Q: Which of the following would be used by a cell to signal cells close by? You can choose multiple a...

A: Cell signaling is the process of cell communication within the body. It is the ability of cells that...

Q: Describe genomic imprinting

A: Gene is a functional unit of heredity. A gene is a sequence of nucleotides in genome that codes for ...

Q: What is the point called where two chromatids sister of chromosomes are attached?

A: Chromosomes are long thread-like structures that carry coded genetic information in the form of DNA....

Q: Describe the importance of mycorrhizae, both today andin the colonization of land. What evidence sup...

A: Mycorrhizae: - It is a symbiotic association between a fungus and the roots of the higher plants. Th...

Q: Describe the key features of the Watson-Crick model for DNA structure?

A: Genetics is a branch of biology that deals with the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity ...

Q: The influx of which ion accounts for the plateau phase?a. sodiumb. potassiumc. chlorided. calcium

A: Influx refers to an inflow of ions or molecules from extracellular space to intracellular space.

Q: Can decliningamphibianpopulations besaved by a vaccine?

A: Amphibians are the organism that belongs to the kingdom Animalia and are vertebrates that are ectoth...

Q: Discuss the systematic position of Labeo?

A: The genus Labeo consist of more than 100 species around the world. It is the most diverse group. The...

Q: What do you mean by systolic pressure?

A: The human heart acts like a pump which is used to pump the blood due to the blood experiences a pres...

Q: Enteric bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, and propionic acidbacteria have distinctive metabolic traits...

A: Bacteria are unicellular and prokaryotic organisms that live in wide variety of environments. It bel...

Q: The function of the genetic code is toa. promote transcription.b. specify the amino acids within a p...

A: Genetic code is a set of rules used by living organism’s cells in the process of translation that is...

Q: What structural feature do hemoglobin,c c, chlorophyll have in common?

A: Cytochrome C, hemoglobin, and chlorophyll are biological molecules that take part in different metab...

Q: What happens if the coronary artery gets an internal clot?

A: Blood vessels are the components of the circulatory system. It transports blood throughout the human...

Q: Overdose by thyroid hormones in elderly patients most commonly leads to:A. Increased irritabilityB. ...

A: Introduction  Thyroid hormones: there are two types of thyroid hormones produced by the thyroid glan...

Q: What is the difference between the concepts of food chain and food web?

A: For an ecosystem to work, energy is essential. The energy transfer in an ecosystem can be studied un...

Q: What do paleontological studies show about the relationship be-tween the geographic range of a speci...

A: Paleontological studies provide history about life present on earth. This study depends on the fossi...

Q: What are the phases of digestion? Briefly describe each phase.

A: Digestion is the process of breakdown of large insoluble food molecules into small water-soluble foo...

Q: Explain how immune function relates to the development of cancer.

A: The immune system plays an important role in preventing and combating the diseases caused by pathoge...

Q: Is colchicine a steroid?

A: Introduction: Colchicine is a drug that has the potential to treat gout or gout attacks. Gout is a m...

Q: Describe the basic functions of enzymes in cells.

A: Enzymes are the biomolecules especially proteins. Which helps in the speeding up of any biochemical ...

Q: Xg is an antigen found on red blood cells. This antigen is caused by an Xlinked allele (Xa) that is ...

A: X linked alleles are those alleles which are present on the X chromosome. They have distinctive inhe...

Q: Give the resemblances between the lancelet and the lamprey's larva?

A: The lancelet belongs to the kingdom Animalia and characterized as "fish-like" benthic filter-feeding...

Q: What is mainly responsible for the extinction of wildlife?

A: Wildlife refers to undomesticated animals that live and grow in wild without being introduced by hum...

Q: Describe the origin and early evolution ofmammals.

A: Vertebrates have spinal cord which remain surrounded by bone or cartilage. Reptiles, birds, fish, am...

Q: List the key steps of recombination at the molecular level.

A: Genetic recombination is the exchange of genetic material that leads to generation of different trai...

Q: What is the plant hormoneremarkable for stimulatingflowering and fruit ripening?What are the uses an...

A: Plants hormones are the minute secretion of the plants that serve the function of maintaining growth...

Q: Describe the effects of a lethal dose of ionizingradiation at the molecular level. What type of filt...

A: Hello. Since you have posted multiple questions and not specified which question needs to be solved,...

Q: Give an example of a medically relevant biofilm that forms invirtually all healthy humans

A: Introduction: Biofilm is defined as a community of microorganisms attached to the surface, embedded ...

Q: What are the three phasesinto which the HIV infection isoften divided?

A: Viruses depend on the cells for reproduction and metabolic processes. Outside the host cell they rem...

Q: how a plant breeder can exploit situations of high heritability to improve a crop by artificial sele...

A: Plant breeding is the artificial selection of the desired traits, it also involves the genes exchang...

Q: How can adults continue to function relatively normally after surgeryto remove the thymus, tonsils, ...

A: Lymphatic system is a compartmentalized network of vessels, cells, and specialized accessory organs....

Q: What is packaged into capsids during maturation?

A: A capsid is the outermost covering that is proteinaceous in nature.  

Q: what are gene families?

A: A gene is a basic functional and physical unit of heredity. Genes are made up of deoxyribonucleic ac...

Q: What do energy pyramids represent?

A: The pyramids are the graphical models of the quantitative differences that are present between the t...

Q: What is the molecular explanation for maternal effect?a. The father’s gene is silenced at fertilizat...

A: The maternal-effect is the influence on the phenotypic expression in an embryo or progeny due to the...