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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Give the IUPAC name for each of the following alkanes.

a. Chapter 1, Problem 1.49EP, Give the IUPAC name for each of the following alkanes. a. b. c. d. , example  1

b. Chapter 1, Problem 1.49EP, Give the IUPAC name for each of the following alkanes. a. b. c. d. , example  2

c. Chapter 1, Problem 1.49EP, Give the IUPAC name for each of the following alkanes. a. b. c. d. , example  3

d. Chapter 1, Problem 1.49EP, Give the IUPAC name for each of the following alkanes. a. b. c. d. , example  4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

IUPAC name for the given alkane has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

To name an alkane, the first step is to find the longest carbon chain.  The next step is to identify the substituents that are present in the longest carbon chain.  The numbering has to be given in a way that the substituents get the least numbering.

Explanation

From the given structure the lengthy carbon chain has to be identified.  In this case it is a five carbon chain and hence the parent alkane is pentane.  The substitution that is present in the lengthy carbon chain is a methyl group that is present in third carbon...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

IUPAC name for the given alkane has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

To name an alkane, the first step is to find the longest carbon chain.  The next step is to identify the substituents that are present in the longest carbon chain.  The numbering has to be given in a way that the substituents get the least numbering.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

IUPAC name for the given alkane has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

To name an alkane, the first step is to find the longest carbon chain.  The next step is to identify the substituents that are present in the longest carbon chain.  The numbering has to be given in a way that the substituents get the least numbering.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

IUPAC name for the given alkane has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

To name an alkane, the first step is to find the longest carbon chain.  The next step is to identify the substituents that are present in the longest carbon chain.  The numbering has to be given in a way that the substituents get the least numbering.

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