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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Atom A has valence electrons that are lower in energy than the valence electrons of Atom B. Which atom has the higher ionization energy? Explain.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

To determine which atom has higher ionization energy.

Concept Introduction:

The farthest the electron from the nucleus, the less the ionization energy.

Explanation

Atom A has valence electrons that are lower in energy than the valence electrons of atom B. That means, the electrons of atom A are near to the nucleus and the electrons of atom B are away from the nucleus.

As the electrons of atom A are near to the nucleus, they have shielding effect of the nucleus on them and it takes more energy to remove electron from such a shell...

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