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Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332
Chapter 14, Problem 10SQ
Textbook Problem
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Match the chromosome terms appropriately.

____ polyploidy a. symptoms of a genetic disorder
____ deletion b. chromosomal mashup
____ aneuploidy c. extra sets of chromosmes
____ translocation d. gets around
____ syndrome e. chromosome loses a chunk of DNA
____ transposable element f. one extra chromosome

Summary Introduction

To match: The chromosome terms appropriately with their description.

Explanation of Solution

Polyploid: c. extra sets of chromosomes

When homologous chromosomes fail to separate during meiosis, it causes non-disjunction leading to aneuploidy. Aneuploidy is a chromosome aberration where an individual has either less or additional number of chromosomes than the wild type. Polyploidy is the condition when a cell contains an additional set of chromosomes.

Deletion: e. chromosome loses a chunk of DNA

Deletion in the gene sequence or chromosome causes loss of a chunk of DNA. It can cause genetic disorders.

Aneuploidy: f. one extra chromosome

When homologous chromosomes fail to separate during meiosis, it causes non-disjunction, leading to aneuploidy. Aneuploidy is a chromosome aberration where an individual has either less or additional number of chromosomes than the wild type...

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