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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. What must be the sum of the oxidation states of all the atoms in a polyatomic ion? For example, the sum of all the oxidation states of all the atoms in PO 3 3 is __________ .

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The sum of the oxidation states of all the atoms in polyatomic ion should be determined along with complete the following sentence.

For example, the sum of all the oxidation states of all the atoms in PO43 is _______

Concept Introduction:

Oxidation state is also known as oxidation number. It is defined as the numbers which are assign to the elements in a chemical combination and number represents the electrons which an atom can share, lose or gain to form chemical bonding with an atom of another element.

Therefore, transfer of electrons refers to the oxidation state.

Explanation

" Poly" refers to many and ions of two atoms are known as polyatomic.

A charged chemical species consist of two or more atoms that are covalently bonded which can be act as a single unit is known as polyatomic ion.

In polyatomic ion, the sum of all the oxidation states of all the atoms is equivalent to the charge present on the ion unlike neutral atom...

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