# Break-even sales and cost-volume-profit chart Last year Hever Inc. had sales of $500,000, based on a unit selling price of$250. The variable cost per unit was $175, and fixed costs were$75,000. The maximum sales within Hever Inc.’s relevant range are 2,500 units. Hever Inc. is considering a proposal to spend an additional $33,750 on billboard advertising during the current year in an attempt to increase sales and utilize unused capacity. Instructions 1. Construct a cost-volume-profit chart indicating the break-even sales for last year. Verify your answer, using the break-even equation. 2. Using the cost-volume-profit chart prepared in part (1), determine (a) the income from operations for last year and (b) the maximum income from operations that could have been realized during the year. Verify your answers using the mathematical approach to cost-volume-profit analysis. 3. Construct a cost-volume-profit chart indicating the break-even sales for the current year, assuming that a noncancellable contract is signed for the additional billboard advertising. No changes are expected in the unit selling price or other costs. Verify your answer, using the break-even equation. 4. Using the cost-volume-profit chart prepared in part (3), determine (a) the income from operations if sales total 2,000 units and (b) the maximum income from operations that could lie realized during the year. Verify your answers using the mathematical approach to cost-volume profit analysis. BuyFind ### Accounting 27th Edition WARREN + 5 others Publisher: Cengage Learning, ISBN: 9781337272094 BuyFind ### Accounting 27th Edition WARREN + 5 others Publisher: Cengage Learning, ISBN: 9781337272094 #### Solutions Chapter Section Chapter 21, Problem 21.4APR Textbook Problem ## Break-even sales and cost-volume-profit chartLast year Hever Inc. had sales of$500,000, based on a unit selling price of $250. The variable cost per unit was$175, and fixed costs were $75,000. The maximum sales within Hever Inc.’s relevant range are 2,500 units. Hever Inc. is considering a proposal to spend an additional$33,750 on billboard advertising during the current year in an attempt to increase sales and utilize unused capacity.Instructions1. Construct a cost-volume-profit chart indicating the break-even sales for last year. Verify your answer, using the break-even equation.2. Using the cost-volume-profit chart prepared in part (1), determine (a) the income from operations for last year and (b) the maximum income from operations that could have been realized during the year. Verify your answers using the mathematical approach to cost-volume-profit analysis.3. Construct a cost-volume-profit chart indicating the break-even sales for the current year, assuming that a noncancellable contract is signed for the additional billboard advertising. No changes are expected in the unit selling price or other costs. Verify your answer, using the break-even equation.4. Using the cost-volume-profit chart prepared in part (3), determine (a) the income from operations if sales total 2,000 units and (b) the maximum income from operations that could lie realized during the year. Verify your answers using the mathematical approach to cost-volume profit analysis.

Expert Solution

1.

To determine

Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis: It is a method followed to analyze the relationship between the sales, costs, and the related profit or loss at various levels of units sold. In other words, it shows the effect of the changes in the cost and the sales volume on the operating income of the company.

To construct: a cost-volume-profit chart indicating the break-even sales for last year.

### Explanation of Solution

Construct a cost-volume-profit chart indicating the break-even sales for last year.

Figure (1)

The volume in units of sales is shown on the horizontal axis. The maximum relevant range is 2,500 units. The sales and the total costs (fixed cost and variable cost) in dollars is shown on the vertical axis. The maximum relevant range of sales and total costs is $700,000. The total sales line is drawn right upward by connecting the first point at$0 to the second point at $625,000 [2,500units×$250perunit] for 2,500 units sold (maximum relevant range on the horizontal axis)

Expert Solution

2.

To determine
(a) the income from operations for last year and (b) the maximum income from operations that could have been realized during the year using the cost-volume-profit chart..

Expert Solution

3.

To determine

To construct: a cost-volume-profit chart indicating the break-even sales for the current year.

Expert Solution

4.

To determine
(a) the income from operations for sales 2,000 units and (b) the maximum income from operations that could have been realized during the year using the cost-volume-profit chart.

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