   Chapter 23, Problem 23.2APE

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

Direct labor variances Bellingham Company produces a product that requires 4 standard hours per unit at a standard hourly rate of $20 per hour. If 15,000 units required 61,800 hours at an hourly rate of$19.85 per hour, what is the direct labor (a) rate variance, (b) time variance, and (c) total direct labor cost variance?

(a)

To determine

Direct labor variances:

The difference between the actual labor cost in the production and the standard labor cost for actual production is known as direct labor cost variance. The direct labor variance can be classified as follows:

• Labor rate variance.
• Labor time variance.

To determine: The labor rate variance.

Explanation

The direct labor rate variance is determined as follows:

Direct labor rate variance = [(Actual rate per hourStandard rate per hour)× Actual hours]=[(\$19

(b)

To determine
The labor time variance.

(c)

To determine
The total labor cost variance.

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