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Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337408332

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337408332
Textbook Problem
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The immune system immediately attacks a transplanted tissue or organ, so transplant recipients require immunosuppressive drugs. What lymphocyte is responsible for this response, which is called transplant rejection?

Summary Introduction

To explain: The lymphocytes which is responsible for the transplant rejection.

Concept introduction: Transplant rejection occurs when the transplanted tissue is rejected by the recipient’s immune system. It destroys the transplanted tissue. It can be narrowed by determining the molecular similitude between the donor and the recipient and also by the use of the immunosuppressant drug after the transplantation.

Explanation

T-cell lymphocytes are primarily responsible for the rejection of the grafts. The patient who receives the tissue or organ and the donor who donates it must be tested to evaluate their histocompatibility. In humans, the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is the human leukocyte antigen (HLA). Histocompatability testing is necessary to prevent or mitigate the rejection of the tissue by the recipient’s immune system...

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