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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Classify each of the following structures as an aldehyde, a ketone, or neither.

a. Chapter 4, Problem 4.12EP, Classify each of the following structures as an aldehyde, a ketone, or neither. a. b. c. d. , example  1

b. Chapter 4, Problem 4.12EP, Classify each of the following structures as an aldehyde, a ketone, or neither. a. b. c. d. , example  2

c. Chapter 4, Problem 4.12EP, Classify each of the following structures as an aldehyde, a ketone, or neither. a. b. c. d. , example  3

d. Chapter 4, Problem 4.12EP, Classify each of the following structures as an aldehyde, a ketone, or neither. a. b. c. d. , example  4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given structure has to be classified as an aldehyde, a ketone or neither.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl groups are the one which contain a double bond between carbon and oxygen atom.  Aldehydes and ketones possess this carbonyl functional group in it.  The structural representation of a carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 4, Problem 4.12EP , additional homework tip  1

An aldehyde is a carbonyl compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to at least one hydrogen atom directly.  The other group attached to the carbonyl carbon atom can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.

A ketone is a carbonyl compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to two other carbon atoms directly.  The groups attached to the carbonyl carbon atom can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.

Explanation

Given structure of compound is,

Carbonyl group contains a carbon atom and an oxygen atom.  The bond between carbon and oxygen in a carbonyl group is a double bond...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given structure has to be classified as an aldehyde, a ketone or neither.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl groups are the one which contain a double bond between carbon and oxygen atom.  Aldehydes and ketones possess this carbonyl functional group in it.  The structural representation of a carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 4, Problem 4.12EP , additional homework tip  2

An aldehyde is a carbonyl compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to at least one hydrogen atom directly.  The other group attached to the carbonyl carbon atom can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.

A ketone is a carbonyl compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to two other carbon atoms directly.  The groups attached to the carbonyl carbon atom can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given structure has to be classified as an aldehyde, a ketone or neither.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl groups are the one which contain a double bond between carbon and oxygen atom.  Aldehydes and ketones possess this carbonyl functional group in it.  The structural representation of a carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 4, Problem 4.12EP , additional homework tip  3

An aldehyde is a carbonyl compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to at least one hydrogen atom directly.  The other group attached to the carbonyl carbon atom can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.

A ketone is a carbonyl compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to two other carbon atoms directly.  The groups attached to the carbonyl carbon atom can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given structure has to be classified as an aldehyde, a ketone or neither.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl groups are the one which contain a double bond between carbon and oxygen atom.  Aldehydes and ketones possess this carbonyl functional group in it.  The structural representation of a carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 4, Problem 4.12EP , additional homework tip  4

An aldehyde is a carbonyl compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to at least one hydrogen atom directly.  The other group attached to the carbonyl carbon atom can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.

A ketone is a carbonyl compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to two other carbon atoms directly.  The groups attached to the carbonyl carbon atom can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.

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