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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

If you dilute 25.0 mL of 1.50 M hydrochloric acid to 500. mL, what is the molar concentration of the dilute acid?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

If 25.0mL of 1.50M hydrochloric acid is diluted to 500mL then the molar concentration of diluted acid should be determined.

Concept introduction:

  • Concentration of solutions can be expressed in various terms; molarity is one such concentration expressing term.
  • Molarity (M) of a solution is the number of gram moles of a solute present in one liter of the solution.

     Molarity=MassperlitreMolecular mass

  • A solution containing one gram mole or 0.1 gram of solute per litre of solution is called molar solution.
  • Concentrationofsubstance=Amountof substancevolumeofthesubstance
  • Amountof substance=Concentrationofsubstance×volumeofthesubstance
Explanation

Amount of HCl in the 25.0mL solution can be calculated as follows,

AmountofHCl = CHCl×VHCl = 1.50molHClL×25.0×10-3L = 0

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