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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Draw condensed structural formulas for all carboxylic acids and all esters that have the molecular formula C4H8O2.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Condensed structural formula for all esters and carboxylic acids that have molecular formula C4H8O2 has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula.  Each and every compound has its own molecular formula.  Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Isomers are the compounds that have same molecular formula but different structural formula.  The main difference lies in the way the atoms are arranged in the structure.  Isomers have different chemical and physical properties even when they have same molecular formula.

Functional group isomerism is the one in which the functional group of two compounds are totally different but the molecular formula of the compounds remains the same.  Carboxylic acid and esters that have same number of carbon atoms and same degree of saturation can have functional group isomerism.  This is a type of constitutional isomerism.

Positional isomerism exists in esters when the alkyl group and acyl group carbon chain can be arranged in different ways.

Explanation

Given molecular formula of the compound is C4H8O2.  As the given molecular formula contains only two oxygen atoms, the carboxylic acid is a monocarboxylic acid.

Monocarboxylic acid contain only one carboxyl group in its structure.  The general structure of monocarboxylic acid is,

The given molecular formula contains four carbon atoms.  Therefore “R” group present in the above structure must contain three carbon atoms.  There are two possible arrangements of the three carbon atoms.  The structures can be drawn as,

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