Chapter 6, Problem 80AP

### College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300

Chapter
Section

### College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300
Textbook Problem

# A 20.0-kg toboggan with 70.0-kg driver is sliding down a frictionless chute directed 30.0° below the horizontal at 8.00 m/s when a 55.0-kg woman drops from a tree limb straight down behind the driver. If she drops through a vertical displacement of 2.00 m, what is the subsequent velocity of the toboggan immediately after impact?

To determine
The subsequent velocity of the toboggan after the impact.

Explanation

Given info: Mass of the toboggan is 20.0â€‰kg . The mass of the driver is 70.0â€‰kg . The chute is directed 30.0Â° below the horizontal. The initial velocity of the toboggan is 8.00â€‰mâ‹…s-1 . Mass of the women is 55.0â€‰kg . The women drops through a vertical displacement of 2.00â€‰m .

Explanation:

The system is shown in the following figure.

The woman is falling from a vertical distance. Hence the acceleration of the women is free fall acceleration due to gravity. The velocity of the women is given by,

v=u2+2gÎ”y

• Î”y is the vertical displacement covered
• v is the final velocity
• u is the initial velocity
• g is the free fall acceleration

Assume that the initial velocity of the women is 0 .

Substitute 0 for u , 2.00â€‰m for Î”y , 9.80â€‰mâ‹…s-2 for g to determine the final velocity of the women,

v=02+2(9.80â€‰mâ‹…s-2)(2.00â€‰m)=6.26â€‰mâ‹…s-1

Conclusion:

The system, before and after impact is shown in the following figure.

From conservation of momentum of the man, woman and the toboggan in the direction of the incline,

(mm+mw+mt)vf=(mm+mt)vi1+mwvi2sinÎ¸

• mm is the mass of the man
• mw is the mass of the woman
• <

### Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

#### The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started