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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 6, Problem 8E
Textbook Problem
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What are the general formulas for alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The general formulas for alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes are to be defined.

Concept introduction:

The compound that consists of carbon atoms is considered an organic compound and the study of these carbon consisting compounds is known as organic chemistry.

A compound devoid of any carbon atoms is considered an inorganic compound and the study of these compounds is known as inorganic chemistry.

An organic compound is considered to be a hydrocarbon if it consists only carbon and hydrogen atoms. The atoms in hydrocarbon are linked by single, double, or triple bond.

Explanation of Solution

The hydrocarbon compounds can be classified according to their carbon–carbon bonds.

Hydrocarbon compound in which all the carbon atoms are bonded by single bonds, is known as alkane. The general formula for alkane can be represented as follows:

CnH2n+2

Here, n is the number of carbon atoms in the molecule.

Hydrocarbon compound in which at least one double bond is present is known as alkene

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Chapter 6 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
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Ch. 6 - To what family does the molecule CH3COOCH3 belong?...Ch. 6 - Define organic chemistry.Ch. 6 - Why is carbon unique?Ch. 6 - What is the geometry about a carbon atom that is...Ch. 6 - Classify each of the following as organic or...Ch. 6 - What is vitalism? Why did vitalism become a...Ch. 6 - How did the belief in vitalism end?Ch. 6 - What are hydrocarbons? Functionalized...Ch. 6 - What are the general formulas for alkanes,...Ch. 6 - Draw the structural formula and condensed...Ch. 6 - List four common fuels used by our society, and...Ch. 6 - How does the boiling point of alkanes vary with...Ch. 6 - Why are alkenes and alkynes called unsaturated...Ch. 6 - What are the main properties of alkanes?Ch. 6 - If water is combined with motor oil, the two...Ch. 6 - Write an equation for the combustion of butane.Ch. 6 - Draw structural formulas for propene and propyne.Ch. 6 - What is ethylene (ethene) used for? What is...Ch. 6 - What are isomers? Give an example.Ch. 6 - Do isomers have identical properties?Ch. 6 - Give the general formula, including the functional...Ch. 6 - Give the general formula, including the functional...Ch. 6 - What family of organic compound would most likely...Ch. 6 - What was DDT used for? What were the problems...Ch. 6 - What are chlorofluorocarbons? What are their uses?...Ch. 6 - What are the effects of ethanol on the body?Ch. 6 - What is used as a treatment for the ingestion of...Ch. 6 - What is formaldehyde used for?Ch. 6 - Where is acrolein found?Ch. 6 - Where are benzaldehyde and cinnamaldehyde found?Ch. 6 - What is a common use for acetone?Ch. 6 - Where might you find 2-heptanone, ionone, and...Ch. 6 - In what kinds of foods might you find carboxylic...Ch. 6 - Where might you find ethyl butyrate, methyl...Ch. 6 - What kind of odor is associated with amines?Ch. 6 - Hydrocarbon Structures Draw the structural formula...Ch. 6 - Draw the structural formula of the hydrocarbon...Ch. 6 - Draw the structural formula for the straight-chain...Ch. 6 - Draw the structural formula for the straight-chain...Ch. 6 - Draw structural formulas for any two isomers of...Ch. 6 - Draw structural formulas for any three isomers of...Ch. 6 - Draw the structural formula for n-heptene. How...Ch. 6 - Draw the structural formula for n-octyne. How many...Ch. 6 - Naming Hydrocarbons Name each alkane:Ch. 6 - Name each alkane:Ch. 6 - Name each alkyne:Ch. 6 - Name each alkyne: a.CH3CHCHCH2CH2CH3Ch. 6 - Name each alkyne:Ch. 6 - Name each alkyne: a.CH3CCCH2CH3b.CHCHCh. 6 - Name each compound:Ch. 6 - Name each compound:Ch. 6 - Drawing Hydrocarbon Structures from Names Draw the...Ch. 6 - Draw the condensed structural formula for each...Ch. 6 - Draw the condensed structural formula for each...Ch. 6 - Draw the condensed structural formula for each...Ch. 6 - Alkene Reactions Name the product of the reaction:...Ch. 6 - Name the product of the reaction: CH2=CHCH3+H2Ch. 6 - Functionalized Hydrocarbons Identify each compound...Ch. 6 - Identify each compound according to its functional...Ch. 6 - Identify each compound according to its functional...Ch. 6 - Identify each compound according to its functional...Ch. 6 - Propane, CH3CH2CH3, is a gas at room temperature,...Ch. 6 - Ethane, CH3CH3, is a gas at room temperature,...Ch. 6 - What was the impact of vitalisms downfall on...Ch. 6 - Why do you think our society has mixed feelings...Ch. 6 - Devise a molecular theory to explain why many...Ch. 6 - Wohler's synthesis of an organic compound...Ch. 6 - Our understanding of organic molecules and...Ch. 6 - Any one molecule can be represented many ways. For...Ch. 6 - Explain why the formula CH3CH2CH3 cannot mean:...Ch. 6 - Look at each of the following space-filling...Ch. 6 - Look at the following photo of the label for Dial...Ch. 6 - Obtain one of the following household items, copy...Ch. 6 - Read The Molecular Revolution box in this chapter...

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