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Effect of doubtful accounts on net income Using the data in Exercise 8-15, assume that during the second year of operations Mack’s Plumbing Supply Co. had sales of $7,450,000, wrote off $52,000 of accounts as uncollectible using the direct write-off method, and reported net income of $800,000. a. Determine what net income would have been in the second year if the allowance method (using 1% of sales) had been used in both the first and second years. b. Determine what the balance of the allowance for doubtful accounts would have been at the end of the second year if the allowance method had been used in both the first and second years.

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Financial And Managerial Accounting

15th Edition
WARREN + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337902663

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Financial And Managerial Accounting

15th Edition
WARREN + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337902663
Chapter 8, Problem 16E
Textbook Problem
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Effect of doubtful accounts on net income

Using the data in Exercise 8-15, assume that during the second year of operations Mack’s Plumbing Supply Co. had sales of $7,450,000, wrote off $52,000 of accounts as uncollectible using the direct write-off method, and reported net income of $800,000.

a. Determine what net income would have been in the second year if the allowance method (using 1% of sales) had been used in both the first and second years.

b. Determine what the balance of the allowance for doubtful accounts would have been at the end of the second year if the allowance method had been used in both the first and second years.

a.

To determine

Determine the amount of net income would have been in the second year, if Company MPS estimated that 1% of sales would be uncollectible, instead of using direct write off method.

Explanation of Solution

Bad debt expense:

Bad debt expense is an expense account. The amounts of loss incurred from extending credit to the customers are recorded as bad debt expense. In other words, the estimated uncollectible accounts receivable are known as bad debt expense.

Direct write-off method:

This method does not make allowance or estimation for uncollectible accounts, instead this method directly write-off the actual uncollectible accounts by debiting bad debt expense and by crediting accounts receivable. Under this method, accounts would be written off only when the receivables from a customer remain uncollectible. 

Allowance method:

It is a method for accounting bad debt expense, where amount of uncollectible accounts receivables are estimated and recorded at the end of particular period. Under this method, bad debts expenses are estimated and recorded prior to the occurrence of actual bad debt, in compliance with matching principle by using the allowance for doubtful account. This method debit allowance for doubtful accounts and credits accounts receivable to write-off the uncollectible accounts.

Calculate the amount of net income under allowance method...

b.

To determine

Determine the allowance for doubtful accounts balance would have been at the end of year 2, if Company MPS uses allowance method instead of direct method in both of its year 1 and 2.

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Chapter 8 Solutions

Financial And Managerial Accounting
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