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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

What is the principle of electroneutrality? Use this rule to exclude a possible resonance structure of CO2.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The principle of electroneutrality should be determined. Using this principle it should be identified that how possible resonance structure of CO2 are excluded.

Concept Introduction:

Electro neutrality principle:

The electro neutrality principle or Pauli’s 2nd principle states that each atom in a stable substance has a charge close to zero. It was formulated by Lanus Pauling in 1948 and later revised.

This principle has been used to predict the set of molecular resonance structure would be the most significant to explain the stability of the inorganic complex.

Electronegativity: It is the ability of atom to attract lone pair of electrons towards itself in a molecule.

Formal charge (FC): The charge assigned to an atom in a molecule, irrespective of relative electro negativity by thinking that electrons in all chemical bonds are shared equally among atoms.

Formal charge of an atom can be determined by the given formula.

Formalcharge(FC)=(numberofvalenceelectroninatom)[(numberofnon-bondingelectrons)+12(numberof bondingelectrons)]

Explanation

Electro neutrality principle:

The electro neutrality principle or Pauli’s 2nd principle states that each atom in a stable substance has a charge closed to zero. It was formulated by Linus Pauling in 1948 and later revised.

This principle has been used to predict which of a set of molecular resonance structure would be the most significant to explain the stability of the inorganic complex...

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