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StatisticsEssentials of Statistics for the Behavioral SciencesMany animals, including humans, tend to avoid direct eye contact and even patterns that look like eyes. Some insects, including moths, have evolved eye-spot patterns on their wings to help ward off predators, Scaife (1976) reports a study examining how eye-spot patterns affect the behavior of birds. In the study, the birds were tested in a box with two chambers and were free to move from one chamber to another. In one chamber, two large eye-spots were painted on one wall. The other chamber had plain walls. The researcher recorded the amount of time each bird spent in the plain chamber during a 60-minute session. Suppose the study produced a mean of M = 37 minutes in the plain chamber with SS = 288 for a sample of n = 9 birds. ( Note: If the eye spots have no effect, then the birds should spend an average of μ = 30 minutes in each chamber.) a. Is this sample sufficient to conclude that the eye-spots have a significant influence on the birds’ behavior? Use a two-tailed test with α = .05. b. Compute the estimated Cohen's d to measure the size of the treatment effect. c. Construct the 95 confidence interval to estimate the mean amount of time spent on the plain side for the population of birds.BuyFind*arrow_forward*

8th Edition

Frederick J Gravetter + 1 other

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781133956570

Chapter 9, Problem 12P

Textbook Problem

Many animals, including humans, tend to avoid direct eye contact and even patterns that look like eyes. Some insects, including moths, have evolved eye-spot patterns on their wings to help ward off predators, Scaife (1976) reports a study examining how eye-spot patterns affect the behavior of birds. In the study, the birds were tested in a box with two chambers and were free to move from one chamber to another. In one chamber, two large eye-spots were painted on one wall. The other chamber had plain walls. The researcher recorded the amount of time each bird spent in the plain chamber during a 60-minute session. Suppose the study produced a mean of *M* = 37 minutes in the plain chamber with *SS* = 288 for a sample of *n* = 9 birds. (*Note:* If the eye spots have no effect, then the birds should spend an average of

a. Is this sample sufficient to conclude that the eye-spots have a significant influence on the birds’ behavior? Use a two-tailed test with

b. Compute the estimated Cohen's *d* to measure the size of the treatment effect.

c. Construct the 95 confidence interval to estimate the mean amount of time spent on the plain side for the population of birds.

Essentials of Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences

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Ch. 9.1 - Under what circumstances is a t statistic used...Ch. 9.1 - A sample of n = 9 scores has SS = 288. a. Compute...Ch. 9.1 - In general, a distribution of t statistics is...Ch. 9.1 - A researcher reports a t statistic with df = 20....Ch. 9.1 - For df = 15, find the value(s) of t associated...Ch. 9.2 - A sample of n = 4 individuals is selected from a...Ch. 9.3 - If all other factors are held constant, an 80%...Ch. 9.3 - If all other factors are held constant, a...Ch. 9.3 - A sample of n = 16 individuals is selected from a...Ch. 9.3 - How does sample size influence the outcome of a...

Ch. 9.4 - A new over-the-counter cold medication includes a...Ch. 9 - Under what circumstances is a t statistic used...Ch. 9 - A sample of n = 25 scores has a mean of M = 83 and...Ch. 9 - Find the estimated standard error for the sample...Ch. 9 - Explain why t distributions tend to be flatter and...Ch. 9 - Find the t values that form the boundaries of the...Ch. 9 - The following sample of n = 6 scores was obtained...Ch. 9 - The following sample was obtained from a...Ch. 9 - A random rumple of n = 25 individuals is selected...Ch. 9 - To evaluate the effect of a treatment, a sample is...Ch. 9 - To evaluate the effect of a treatment, a sample of...Ch. 9 - The spotlight effect refers to overestimating the...Ch. 9 - Many animals, including humans, tend to avoid...Ch. 9 - Standardized measures seem to indicate that the...Ch. 9 - The librarian at the local elementary school...Ch. 9 - For several years researchers have noticed that...Ch. 9 - Weinstein, McDermott, and Roediger (2010) report...Ch. 9 - Ackerman and Goldsmith (2011) found that students...Ch. 9 - A random sample of n = 16 scores is obtained from...Ch. 9 - A random sample is obtained from a population with...Ch. 9 - An example of the vertical-horizontal illusion is...Ch. 9 - McGee and Shevlin (2009) demonstrated that an...Ch. 9 - Oishi and Shigehiro (2010) report that people who...Ch. 9 - Research examining the effects of pie school child...

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