BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Use valence bond theory to describe the bonding in acetone, CH3COCH3.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Bonding in acetone CH3COCH3 should be described using valence bond theory.

Concept Introduction:

Valance bond (VBT) theory:  Valence bond theory is a chemical bonding theory that explains the bonding between two atoms is caused by the overlap of half-filled atomic orbitals. The two atoms share each other's unpaired electron to form a filled orbital to form a hybrid orbital and bond together.

Hybridization is the process of mixing of atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals. The hybrid orbitals have different energies and shape than the component atomic orbitals.

Important types of hybridizations are listed below,

sp3hybridization: It is the combination of 1-s and 3-p orbitals and thus 4sp3 hybrid orbitals are produced. Single bonds are always having this type of hybridization.

sp2hybridization: It is the combination of 1-s and 2-p orbitals and thus 3sp2 hybrid orbitals are produced. Single bonds are always having this type of hybridization.

Valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory:  It is a model used in chemistry to predict the geometry of individual molecules from the number of electron pairs surrounding their central atoms.

Explanation

In acetone CH3-CO-CH3 molecule two CH3 carbon atoms are sp3 hybridized and the center carbon atom is sp2 hybridized.

For each of the carbon atoms in the methyl groups, the sp3 orbitals overlap with hydrogens 1s orbitals to form the three C-H bonds, and the fourth sp

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

What are the moral implications of using ergogenic aids?

Understanding Nutrition (MindTap Course List)

Vitamin E is famous for its role: a. in maintaining bone tissue integrity. b. in maintaining connective tissue ...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

In the following diagram, designate each daughter cell as diploid (2n) or haploid (n).

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

(a) In air at 0C, a 1.60-kg copper block at 0C is set sliding at 2.50 m/s over a sheet of ice at 0C. Friction b...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)