Many of the characteristics, as well as the credit for its distribution, have come from several different cultures. For example, the word “coffee” is devised from the Arabic root word qahwah (Kaye 557). Kaye continues to explain how although the etymology originally derives from qahwah, the evolution to today’s word “coffee” is also greatly influenced by the phonetics of the Turk word kahva and African word kaffa (557-558). The origin of coffee, location-wise, is agreed on dating back to the 9th century…
interest with us (which some would argue is the oil in Iraq).
It is interesting to see the many different ways that community can be used and the different way that it has changed from common interests to common prostitute. Community has it etymology roots deep into the 1400’s so it is not surprising that it has so many different forms and meanings, because often in language there are many variances of a word’s usage in time.
various writers have endeavored to encapsulate the constituents of tragedy, and create works of literature that adhere to their understanding of an ostensibly universal system of tragic structure, tragic plot, and tragic theme. Nevertheless, the etymology of the word, "tragedy," proves to be as elusive and arcane as the tragic construct is seemingly concrete and unequivocal; indeed, the word, "tragedy," can be traced to the Greek word, "tragoidia," which literally means, "goat-song." We do not know…
ETYMOLOGY OF ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA
A. paniculata is a large genus of herbs found in the Indo-Malaya, Africa, Brazil and also the central of America Northward into Mexico (Alagesaboopathi, 2000). It is an annual plant which grows to the height of 1 – 3 ft. It is one of the most widespread plants used in the Unani and Ayurvedic traditional medicines. It is an erect and branched plant with lanceolate green leaves (Rammohan, 2009)
2.2. DISTRIBUTION OF ANDROGRAPHIS PLANT
A. paniculata consists of 28…
interact with each other. This includes school, church, family, the workplace, home, and neighborhoods.
Happy slapping in theInstituto Regional Federico Errázuriz, Santa Cruz, Chile
Contents [hide] * 1 Definitions and etymology * 1.1 Definitions * 1.2 Etymology * 2 History * 2.1 Anti-bullying movement * 3 Characteristics * 3.1 Of bullying in general * 3.2 Of bullies and bully accomplices * 3.3 Of typical bystanders * 3.4 Of targets * 3.4.1 Effects…
polysemantic word. A historical dictionary (the Oxford Dictionary, for instance) is primarily concerned with the development of the English vocabulary. It arranges various senses chronologically, first comes the etymology, then the earliest meanings marked by the label obs. — obsolete. The etymologies are either comparative or confined to a single language. The development is documented by illustrative quotations, ranging from the oldest to recent appearances of the word in question. A descriptive dictionary…
It is a well-noted fact, among periodical experts and students of print culture alike, that the word magazine, in English as well as French, bears the original meaning of “storehouse” (Scholes and Wulfman 29). Here, etymology provides valuable insight into the interdisciplinary nature of this field of study and the essential characteristics of the study itself which merit such an approach as is hereunder delineated. In viewing the early twentieth-century magazine as a repository of distinct yet reticular…
different levels of language processing.
Linguistic Fun is definitely not for someone who does not have time to waste. Once you click on to one of these links, you will be entranced for hours. Find the original meaning of your first name in “Etymology of Names.” This pages also provides links to related pages such as “Baby Names,” “Hall of Names,” and “Name Games.” Interactive games, puzzles, and word searches can trap you into spending hours and hours on the web. You can play a crossword puzzle…
skills should include interpretation, analysis, evaluation, inference, and explanation. These cognitive skills can be simplified as mental abilities that one possesses. “The logical roots of critical thinking in the reading are as ancient as its etymology. It is traceable as far back as to the teaching practice and vision of Socrates 2,500 years ago” (Kirby, et al. 1999 p. 12). He discovered by a method of probing questioning that people could not rationally justify their confident claims to knowledge…
The German philosopher Martin Heidegger, I believe, would have questions about the relationships expressed in the traditional and modern squares of opposition. For Heidegger, the meaning of a word can never be completely divorced from its etymology; Steiner, in his work on Heidegger, quotes and then translates Heidegger, saying, "`Das Wort "Philosophie" spricht jetzt griechisch.' This means, literally, that the word itself, if we hear it rightly, speaks Greek." (Steiner 22) Steiner later summarizes…
differences in culture, economy, and climate.
The name Texas is based on the Caddo word tejas meaning "friends" or "allies"and was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves and to the region of their settlement in East Texas (Wikipedia, Etymology, 2013). Texas has many variations of cultures that reside within the state and these culture’s range from caucasian (white), african american (black), and spanish american (hispanic). The state also has other forms of cultures too but the ones I…
begins with a simple introduction, which explains what content will be included in the book. Topics range from salt in the past,—Greece, Rome, Egypt, France, Germany, Poland, and Israel—to recipes and instructions on making certain foods, and to the etymology of words such as salary and salami: both which are stems of the word ‘salt.’
The book is divided into three sections, by specific periods of time. In the first section, Ancient China, Egypt, and Rome are the focus, while in the second, countries…
Hindu populations, such as Nepal, Mauritius and the island of Bali, can be found in various parts of the world.
4 Customs and traditions
4.1 Ethnic and cultural fabric
4.2 Hindu ceremonies, observances and pilgrimages
5 Sixteen sanskars (rituals)
The word Hindu is the Persian name of the Indus River (Sanskrit Sindhu), which flows in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent…
God. Opposition to marriage diminished in the Middle Ages, as the Church grew more secure. But sex was still viewed with disapproval, even within marriage...” (History).
What is sex? The definition from the year of late 14c. that comes up in an etymology dictionary is “state of being either male or female, gender” (O.E.D.). That was then, but that’s not at all what I’m talking about. I’m talking about this definition, “intercourse.” (Sex). That sounds easy enough, but really it’s much more than that…
themselves in increasingly ethnically diversifying college student bodies, English serves as the best common language of interaction. This is especially because it has evolved over recorded history both in its usage style, vocabulary and proliferation. Etymology shows that many English words have been borrowed from diverse languages ranging from Latin, French, Greek and even Swahili. Consequently, English forms a middle ground where students can meet in mind and as they socialize to further enhance their…
Windows and Unix -- the only added ingredient needed is the list of addresses to target.
Sending bulk messages in this fashion, to recipients who have not solicited them, has come to be known as spamming, and the messages themselves as spam. The etymology of the term is discussed below.
Spamming has been considered by various commercial, government, and independent entities to be one of the foremost social problems facing electronic media today. All manner of attempts have been made to curb this…
The definitions of the word nigger are as follows:
1. a Negro
2. loosely or incorrectly applied to members of dark-skinned race
3. a vulgar offensive term of hostility and contempt as used by Negrophobes
1. Latin niger becomes Spanish and Portugese Negro used in France for “black man” especially in Africa adapted by the English
2. latin niger, for black, occurs in such river names as the Rio Negro in South America and the Niger f Central…
http://www.artble.com/artists/parmigianino/paintings/madonna_with_the_long_neck on November 19th, 2012.
Britannica (2012) Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/379957/Michelangelo on October 15th, 2012.
Harper, Douglas (2012) Online Etymology Dictionary, Retrieved from http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=renaissance&searchmode=none on October 15th, 2012
Ozarks (2012) Humanities II Study Aids, University of the Ozarks, Retrieved from http://departments.ozarks.edu/hfa/slgorman/hiistudyaids…
tradition when the change is an improvement. I believe the development of mathematics will never stop. Once I can understand all the methods and ideas we have now, I’ll look forward to the developments of the future.
"calculus." Online Etymology Dictionary. Douglas Harper, Historian. 01 Mar. 2010.
Chu-Carroll, Mark C. "Zero". Good Math, Bad Math. 21 July, 2006:
but words surrounding food. Interesting words like “gastronomy” and “feast.” Often there is much symbolism related to these words; from the fundamental idea that to eat is to live to the possibility that there are religious connotations to the etymology of some of these words.
Given their reputation for affairs of the heart, as well as being the purveyors of cuisine, it is not surprising that many of our food words come from the French -- such as gastronomy, saute, banquet and garnish. “Gastronomy…
categories: their respective histories, patterns of use, and specific use in a text. For the first section, I used various sources, including websites ‘Etymonline.com’ and ‘Oxford English Dictionary Online’. I then explored individual aspects of the etymologies given, using other resources in a narrower search.
Secondly, I used the corpus query system ‘Sketch Engine’ and its corpus ‘enTenTen12’ to analyse patterns of use. ‘EnTenTen12’s vast quantity of words (11,191,860,036) improved my investigation’s…
of district) and logy (study), meaning the study of diseases among the people (Online Etymology Dictionary, 2012). The term is now used in a fashion that more closely approximates the original Greek meaning of the word, involving the study of the prevalence and spread of diseases among populations generally not just events identified as epidemics, as the term implied when first used in English (Online Etymology Dictionary, 2012; Feigin & Howard, 2008).
Even non-communicable diseases can be studies…
‘drudgery for the blind’.
lexicographer holds the lowest place…………..my lord I entered with the pleasing hope that as it was low likewise it would be safe’.(Plan 1747)
He aimed to rationalize spellings, trace etymologies, see to the proper pronunciation and find out the correct meaning of idioms. So the popular misconception that Johnson was trying to fix English language was in fact false as later while writing dictionary he realized difference between stability…
Homer's Odyssey and Joyce's Ulysses
This essay will analyze the style, genre and plots of the "Hades" episodes found in Homer's Odyssey and Joyce's Ulysses. Before entering this small treatise, it is important to understand the etymology of the word Hades, since it is the setting for both Joyce and Homer (of course in Homer's case, he was speaking of the literal aidhs and Joyce was referring to the graveyard, where Bloom attends the funeral of Paddy Dignam and "broods about the death…
Activity #: ____________
Objective: To be able to discuss about Alcoholism.
I. Classification and terminology of Alcoholism
II. History of Alcohol
III. Signs and symptoms
B. Symptoms of long term alcohol misuse
1. Physical symptoms
2. Psychiatric symptoms
3. Social effects
C. Alcohol withdrawal
IV. Causes of Alcoholism…
attempt to reform the “turkified people”, it was still difficult to eradicate all of the vocabulary because the words had already replaced the Bulgarian equivalents; such as in the word “ĭogurt”, which is derived from of the Turkish: yogurt (Online Etymology Dictionary).
In comparison with the Turkish nouns, the number of verbs and adjectives taken over by Bulgarian is small and can be recognized by the suffix "s". For example, the word " бояди свам" (in Turkish "boyadim) meaning "paint" has an "s"…
interpretations of idioms can be unclear.
Yet, popular sayings that seem rather silly when taken literally, do have origins that at one time actually made sense. The origins of many common idioms reflect history and folklore.
Etymology is the study of word origins. Studying word etymologies can be interesting, enlightening, and humorous. Have you ever wondered about the origins of many popular sayings? Here are a few common idioms and the history behind them.
One popular saying is…
born into a Russian Orthodox Church but soon left as a young man and though he was this origin he set a Latin text to his music, making it a more inclusive religious statement. Igor used the term “ Symphony” in the broadest sense, reflecting its etymology as the coming together of sounds, said to be why his orchestration is unusual. His melodies are stark and archaic, where he employs the octatonic scale that figures in his earlier works and those of his Russian contemporaries. The harmonies are equally…
and March are spelled the same as modern spellings, so the reader may infer the sounds are the same. Therefore, the modern short vowel rule applies to Middle English as well. Droghte and drought are spelled similarly except for the vowels. The Etymology Dictionary defines droghte as dryness. So droghte and drought are synonyms. (Harper). Perced is also easy for the modern reader to decode. It is spelled nearly the same as pierce except the vowel /i/ is excluded from the Middle English spelling…
Finally, with the growth of tourism, some words reflecting modern Greek culture have been borrowed into English—many of them originally borrowings into Greek themselves: retsina, souvlaki,taverna (< Italian), ouzo (disputed etymology), moussaka (< Turkish < Arabic), baklava (< Turkish), feta (< Italian), bouzouki (< Turkish), gyro (the food, a calque of Turkish döner).
Greek as an intermediary
Many words from…
question marks for the public viewers and more importantly the defence and jury.
A Judges status compared with Royalty and Religion
The term 'Honour' originated in England and according to the etymology dictionary it dates back to early 14th Century(Etymology Dictionary, accessed Monday 23rd April 2012, [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?l=h&p=25&allowed_in_frame=0]) . 'Honour' is used transitionally with terms such as respect, honesty, reputation, and even justice. Another…
Jusayan, Janine Ann June 20, 2009
M0522 Prof. Ramil Mondejar
1. Guidelines for effective expository writing
* STEP ONE: SELECTING A TOPIC
If your professor assigns you a specific topic to write about, then this step is completed before you even begin. However, often the teacher will allow students to choose their own essay topic, so it is important to be able to choose effectively. This is also true is the professor proposed a broad topic, but demands that you write…
prohibitions relating to any area of human activity or custom that is sacred or forbidden based on moral judgment and religious beliefs. Thus, what counts as taboo language is something define by culture, and not by anything inherent in the language.
The term "taboo" comes from the Tongan tapu or Fijian tabu ("prohibited", "disallowed", "forbidden"), related among others to the Maori tapu. Its English use dates to 1777 when the British explorer James Cook visited Tonga and made a linguistic…
English and Ukrainian vocabulary.
12. Etymology as a branch of Lexicology, objective and tasks. Etymological structure of English and Ukrainian vocabulary in comparison. Indo-European element.
13. Word-building in english and ukrainian. Affixation
14. Semantics as a branch of lexicology, its goals and tasks.
15. Etymological structure of English and Ukrainian vocabulary; borrowed and native elements; loan words, Etymological doublets and triplets.
16. Etymology: peculiar features of international words…
When they’re going to shoot they'll rub their belly(Sims). MS-13 Gang is always changing, its very likely they use different gang signs for these actions now.
There has been wide spread debate over the etymology of the gang name. According to the California Department of Corrections, “Mara” means group of people, “Salva” means Salvadorian or savior, “Trucha” means beware. However some translations indicate that “Mara”…
A critique in favour of Sacred Scripture as sole objective testimony of divine revelation has been presented at the end.
DIVINE REVELATION IN SACRED SCRIPTURE
1.1.Etymology of Divine Revelation
Theologising on the themes of revelation is something impossible without a clear explanation of the term revelation in relation to humanity’s receptivity for God. The word revelation is derived from the Latin word revelare…
I. An Introduction to Frodo Baggins
Frodo Baggins is probably one of the most recognizable names from The Lord of the Rings trilogy. He is a hobbit from The Shire, a land on the edge of Middle-earth. Tolkien was interested in the etymology of words, so he put great thought into the naming of each of the characters and locations; Frodo is no exception. Frodo’s name comes from the Old English form of Fróda. Tolkien states in one of his letters “its obvious connexion is with the old…
state of southern India. It was called the Tamraparni River in olden days and it is also associated with Sri Lanka.
Contents[hide] * 1 Etymology * 2 Geography * 3 Ancient history * 4 Origin of Tamiraparani * 5 Tributaries * 6 Irrigation * 7 Course and tributaries * 8 Tamirabarani river system * 9 Notes * 10 External links |
The Thamirabarani contains traces of copper, hence its name (Thamiram means copper in Tamil). The copper content gives it a distinct reddish…
Therefore, it is not surprising that many words have dual meanings. For instance the word, humor, has expanded from its original definition to encompass the interpretation available in modern English. The following is a brief view of the complex etymology of the word humor.
Presently, people use the word, humor, to describe an event or person that one finds comical. According to The American Heritage Dictionary, one definition is, “The quality that makes something laughable or amusing.” (The American…
The Etymology and Symbolism of Characters' Names in Catcher in the Rye
Catcher in the Rye's pallid cover, adorned only with seven multicolored bands in its upper-left corner, is not what one would call eye-catching. Its reverse side lacks criticisms or reviews of any sort; in fact, it is bare of anything except a copyright date. Human beings are advised not to judge books by their covers, rather that they should look further than the obvious and try to apprehend the implied meaning…
Oliver Twist - Name Etymology
Oliver Twist is a poor orphan boy cruelly treated in the public workhouse. Pennyless and hungry, he runs away to London, only to fall into the clutches of a gang of thieves and pickpockets led by the master criminal, Fagin. Befriended by a man robbed by the gang, Oliver ultimately learns his true identity and gains a new home, a fortune and a brand new family!
Oliver: Norman French form of a Germanic name, possibly the name Alfihar meaning…
Middle English Dictionary (MED) and Norman Davis’ A Chaucer Glossary. The OED was useful in providing the etymology of words and indicating the morphology. The MED filled gaps when the OED in some cases did not provide a comprehensive account of certain words, or it faltered due to irregular spelling between sources. In most cases I used both sources together in order to strengthen the given etymologies. Davis’ Glossary was particularly useful since it allowed me to investigate root words, and words written…
Words have so many different meanings. Just pick up a dictionary to discover the many different meanings of the same word. Have you ever wondered where the meaning of the word originated? Maybe you have asked what a word means when another has used it out of context. How did one word come to mean so many different things? This paper will allow me to explore the definition of burn and where it originated. I will also discover how it has changed over the years and what the definition is today…
Etymology of Court
In this report, I have attempted to display a general understanding of how the word court arrived in the English language and suggest reasons for its evolution. Much of the challenge has been determining what of the information I could present. Length restrictions and the condition set out, to use The Norton Anthology of English Literature as the only source to show the synchronic use of the word, have forced me to take a more narrow approach. Since court is a polysemic word…
Hanging out at the beach is a popular weekend past time. And what better to compliment a relaxing at the beach than an ice-cold beverage. This is what we like to call chilling. The word easily flows off the tongue and even feels natural. However, chill actually has a different meaning in its normal context. Popular culture has changed the meaning of the word rather effectively. In fact, the new definition is used more frequently than its original definition. Chilling has really different connotations…
London, Edinburgh, New York. T. Nelson and Sons. 1894/1897
Collins, William. Collin’s English Dictionary. 10th Ed. William Collin’s Son & Co. Ltd. 1979/1986. Harper Collin’s Publisher’s. 1998/2000/2003/2005/2006/2007/2009
Walton, David. Online Etymology/Oxford English Dictionary. 3rd Ed. New York. Douglas Harper. 1997-2012.…
skill obtained or developed by
a learning process. 3. A program of instruction of a specified kind or level. 4.
The field of study that is concerned with the pedagogy of teaching and learning,
according to the American Heritage dictionary. Its etymology comes from the
Latin word "educatio which means to bring up"1 But what does that tell us. It
says to me that education is training not learning.
Education trains the youth into what society deems as a productive
member. We are not educated…
rather than the name, to avoid revealing secret, holy, or sacred names to the uninitiated, or to obscure the identity of the subject of a conversation from potential eavesdroppers. Some euphemisms are intended to be funny.
3 The "Euphemism Treadmill"
4 Classification of euphemisms
5 The evolution of euphemisms
6 Euphemisms for the profane
6.1 Religious euphemisms
6.2 Excretory euphemisms
6.3 Sexual euphemisms
6.4 Euphemisms referring to profanity itself