Publius (Gaius) Cornelius Tacitus was a Roman historian and senator who wrote several historical documents, including some discussing ancient Britain. In approximately 98 CE, Tacitus wrote a particular document called, “Galgacus: On Roman Imperialism,” which focused on a speech supposedly delivered by Galgacus, a Briton military leader. If Tacitus in fact did write this speech celebrating the Britons and calling them to fight for freedom, why would he use Galgacus’s name? Firstly, Tacitus was a
Sources – Excerpts from the Scipionic Epitaphs (ILS 1-4, 6-7) Epitaph for Publius Plautius Pulcher (CIL 14.3607) Funeral oration for Lucius Caecilius Metellus (Plin H.N 7.139) Suetonius. “The Deified Julius Caesar”. Lives of the Caesars. Trans. C. Edwards (United States, 2000) 3-42 Tacitus, Agricola Secondary Sources – Earl, D. The Moral and Political Tradition of Rome (Ithaca 1967), 11-43 Tatum, W,J. Always I am Caesar (Oxford 2008), 167-88 Wallace-Hadrill, A.
Roman Republic, using the history of the Jugurthine War as a lens by which to observe the corruption he despised. With yet another approach, Tacitus aimed to criticize despots like Emperor Domitian and to denounce imperialism through the biography of Agricola, the Roman general who conquered Britain. The Jugurthine War (114-118) (Marius’s speech) Living from 86 to 35 BC, Gaius Sallustius Crispus, more commonly knowns as Sallust, was the
Hadrian’s Wall Although Rome has built numerous important defensive walls, Hadrian’s Wall was the most famous defensive barrier in the Roman Empire, and essential in protection of the northwestern section of the empire. It was a, “frontier developed to a higher level of defensive efficiency than any other in the history of Rome” (Divine, pp. 5). However, the Wall of Hadrian wasn’t only the most important wall in the Roman Empire. Because of the wall 's important role in early Roman history,