A History and Stance for Benjamin Bloom’s Theory
Benjamin Samuel Bloom was an educational psychologist from America who is remembered for his creation of “Bloom’s Taxonomy.” This included the theory of mastery-learning and the development of the exceptional talent. All of his research and findings lead to this foundational and vital element within the educational system.
Benjamin Bloom was born on February 21, 1913 in Langsford, Pennsylvania. He received a bachelor’s and master’s degree from Pennsylvania State University in 1935, and a Ph.D. in Education from the University of Chicago in 1942. In 1943 Bloom started to serve as a University examiner, which is a job where he developed tests to determine undergraduate’s mastery of …show more content…
Also, in 1964, Bloom published the book, Stability and Change in Human Characteristics. This was based on many studies that lead to an interest of early childhood education, which included the beginning of Head Start. All Bloom’s research predicted that many physical and mental characteristics of adults are somewhat present during the younger stages. Finally, Bloom made a final summary of his work in 1980 in the book, All Our Children Learning. This showed evidence that virtually all students can learn and function at a higher level if the appropriate measures are taken at home and in school (Contributors, 2013).
The Taxonomy Bloom’s taxonomy was created so that students would exhibit higher thinking during instruction, like evaluating concepts, processes, procedures, and principles, rather than remembering facts and just learning to a test. There are three domains within this learning theory and they are cognitive, affective, and psychomotor. Cognitive domain is a person’s mental skills or knowledge. Affective domain is the growth in feeling and emotional areas or attitude. Psychomotor domain is manual and physical skills (Benjamin S. Bloom, 1956). Bloom’s theory is a way to set the goals of the learning process. In a sense, this means that a student should acquire a new skill, piece of knowledge, and/or a new type of attitude (Paul, 1985). Originally, only the
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Benjamin Solomon “Ben” Carson was born on September 18, 1951, in Detroit Michigan. He is a Yale graduate and a retired neurosurgeon. He has a wife who he had been married to since 1975 and three lovely children. Even though Ben is currently a republican, he has changed his political affiliation four times. Before 1981, he was a democrat, from 1981-1999 he was a republican, from 1999-2014 he was independent, and now since 2014, he is a republican. Ben is a very successful man. He has written many books about his medical and political issues, he even has a movie based on an autobiography he wrote called “Gifted Hands”
Bloom’s Taxonomy is a classification of learning objectives in education. It divides these objectives into three domains which are (a) cognitive, (b) affective, and (c) psychomotor. By focusing on these three domains, we can observe how nurses can use these domains to care for and help educate patients with chronic illnesses.
All early childhood theories have changed so much though the years based on a diverse multicultural world and new laws to protect students, have been put into place to aid these children. Research that was taken back in the 1900 containing educational theories were all in competition with each other in their field. Students at that time, were meant to act with self-discipline and own motivation. Those theories were researched for that time period. Society is always changing as a whole. It is reflecting on the expectations and demands on students today.
Tim Burton presents Big Fish whereby, protagonist; Edward Bloom reveals exaggerated primitive memories of his past. Edward’s past includes a series of events that are considered an ironic romance, as his life demonstrates how one’s perspective can impact the portrayal of a story, in this case being one’s past and how it is seen to be lived. Edward tells his tales multiple times, that he believed himself, is the true version of events, consequently frustrating his son William Bloom as, when William was young his father was scarcely around as work occupied majority of his time. Nonetheless, the tales presented by Edward give the audience an insight to what Edward went through from childhood through into adulthood.
In this book, Scout's maturity follows the concept of Bloom's Taxonomy, a multi-tiered model of conceptual thinking according to six levels of complexity (Forehand). Scout starts out using only the two bottom layers of this method, knowledge and observation, and comprehension, both which she has had since a very young age. Scout moves up a level in this system when she applies pre-known knowledge and analyzes situations. For instance, when Walter Cunningham would not take Miss Caroline's money, Scout realizes that Walter wouldn't take the money because he didn't want it, but instead, he wouldn't take it because he could never pay it back. Scout reaches the last two levels, synthesis and
Edward Bloom is a true hero, he has a unique personality; different from everyone else, always the strongest, bravest and has the greatest work effort; he was not the ordinary. He is also very adventurous “takes the dangerous shortcut that can get him killed to go to a town” (Big Fish) and has a partner with him all the time: the giant, wife and his rival throughout his life, Don Price. He sees a girl for the first time and states that he is going to marry her: love at first sight, he has no idea who she is or where she lives but gets small bits of information from his boss by working for him for free; instead of getting paid in cash, he gets paid by getting information about this girl he fell in love with. Eventually Edward’s work pays off
“What any person in the world can learn almost all persons can learn if provided with appropriate prior and current conditions of learning” (Bloom, 2017). This belief was held by Dr. Bloom in 1956 when he and his team created Bloom’s Taxonomy. Since then educators have been utilizing these “goals of the learning process” (Clark, 2015) and making assumptions of its usage and implications. I too did have assumptions but have not thought about how I developed them or how they would affect my use of the taxonomy. When starting this reflection I held three assumptions true about Bloom’s Taxonomy. The first is if the educator uses Bloom’s Taxonomy for planning through assessment, then the student will develop higher order thinking skills. Secondly, a student can move on to a higher order thinking level only if they first mastered a lower order thinking level. Thirdly, if educations use different levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy in lessons students will retain more information. Interestingly, I uncovered two additional assumptions that I did not know I had. The first of which is that the focus on cognitive development of Bloom’s devalues importance of other domains. The other is that Bloom’s Taxonomy is used only by educators in K-12 and college. Here are some things I understand about this subject that informed or changed
An activity that I feel illustrates the interrelatedness of the three domains of development is when the children were asked to follow the leader and had all the children; walk, jump, gallop, and tip toe. The child used the physical domain of development by doing the activities of walking, jumping, galloping, and tip toeing. The child used the cognitive and language developmental domain by listening and understanding the teachers and doing the activity accordingly. The last domain of social and emotional developmental domain was met when the children had a chance to laugh when seeing others doing the same activities. It intertwines with all three domains by the way that a child could physically do the activities, create a language by understanding
Bloom’s taxonomy can be used in the field of psychology to solve problems. Psychology focuses on the study of the mind and human behavior, using the taxonomy will serve as a tool for understanding cognition and thinking process. As a practitioner a common goal is to help others solve problems. The taxonomy will help me as a practitioner to analyze the problem with a client or student. The use of the taxonomy will help to promote new ideas and approaches through evaluation before making final decisions when helping clients. The taxonomy can help identify the needs of the client, ways to help the client, and what methods have and has not worked for the client as a practitioner in psychology. As a graduate learner in psychology, the taxonomy
Bloom’s Taxonomy was created by Benjamin Bloom in 1956. Bloom identified that there were three categories of learning. Cognitive: Mental skills (knowledge) Affective: Growth in feelings or emotional areas (attitude) Psychomotor: Manual or physical skills (skills).
My philosophy of education patterns the philosophy of Martin Buber. Buber believed that children learn as he or she encounters the world or the time at which they are ready to face true reality. I believe that all children are capable of learning; however, every child possesses a different level of learning potential. During my time as a math coach, I have learned that children learn best from what they see, hear, or feel. The role of a teacher in today’s classroom requires the teacher to be a facilitator and let students create and control the atmosphere of the learning community. I believe that students learn best when manipulatives are used. Manipulative help students connect visually with what they are learning. It can also provide a kinesthetic attribute to learning. Schools should encourage a more student-led learning community. Parents should also become more proactive in their child’s education. Students are more susceptible to succeeding if their support system is effective. The type of behavior that is required in a school setting should be reciprocated in the home setting. Most of the discontent in classrooms stem from inconsistencies in the home. Students are expected to act one way in school, but required to act in another way at home. This complicates the jobs of school officials. I feel parents should prepare their children by setting practical expectations when the children are in school.
Bruner was born and raised in New York City, Bruner graduated high school in 1933 and went on to major in psychology at Duke University; earning an AB degree in 1937. Subsequently, Bruner pursued a graduate study at Harvard University receiving the MA in 1939 and a Ph.D. in 1941.
After completing the Stem portion of your learning outcome, the Action Word component utilizes Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. According to Bloom’s Taxonomy, learning takes place across three domains. The first of these is the cognitive domain of learning, and it relates to intellectual and content knowledge. The second domain of learning is psychomotor, which refers to physical movements and their co-ordination with sensation and perception. Third, learning also takes place in the affective domain, which encompasses our attitudes and values.