A Short Note On Diabetes Mellitus And Impaired Glucose Tolerance

1861 Words Mar 16th, 2015 8 Pages
Jodie Tran
MED 2056
VNFT 030
Diabetes Mellitus Research Paper
Annabelle V. Anglo

Diabetes mellitus has various types such as type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance. In our body, the pancreas produces a hormone called insulin to regulate metabolism. If our body cannot produce this hormone, the glucose cannot enter the body cells, and the blood glucose level will rise. The body may begin experience symptoms of hyperglycemia, and this process is the development of diabetes mellitus. According 2014 National Diabetes Statistic Report from cdc.gov, there were "29.1 million people or 9.3% of the population have diabetes". The number has increased in recent years because many Americans are obesity. Diabetes can present with many signs and symptoms. In early there is no symptom until they start the three "polys": polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia. Other signs and symptoms include fatigue, blurred vision, mood changes, numbness and tingling in extremities, dry skin, infection (urinary tract, vaginal yeast infections), and weight loss. Type 1diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adult, and only 5% of diabetes people have this disease. "In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy required for daily life."(Diabetes.org, 2015). Environmental factor, lifestyles, or unknown factor may contribute the disease.…
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