Diabetes Type 2 : A Condition Of Blood Sugar Levels

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What is Diabetes? Diabetes type 2 is a condition in which blood sugar levels are too high. According to a tutorial manufactured by Gwinnett Medical Center, “After eating foods that contain carbohydrates, chemicals in the small intestine break down the carbohydrates into simple sugar molecules called glucose. The cell lining of the small intestine absorbs the glucose, which then passes into the bloodstream. When the blood reaches the pancreas, beta cells in the pancreas detect the rising glucose levels. To reduce the glucose level, beta cells release insulin into the bloodstream. As the blood circulates through the body, the insulin and glucose exit the bloodstream into tissue to reach the body’s cells. Most cells of the body have certain…show more content…
What are the causes of Type 2 Diabetes? “If someone has Type 2 Diabetes their pancreas may not produce enough insulin or their cells resist the effects of insulin, and in extreme cases it may be a combination of both”. (AuthorSTREAM) Currently there are about 29.1 million people in the United States that have diabetes; 8.1 million of whom may be undiagnosed and/or unaware of their condition. For adults twenty years old or older, statistics say one in every ten people suffers from diabetes; in age sixty-five and older, statistics say that figure rises to more than one in four. What are some symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitis? Due to hyperglycemia and lack of insulin, many people experience some classic symptoms of diabetes such as excessive hunger, excessive thirst, increased urine volume, and unexplained weight loss. (Gwinnett Medical Center Health Series) Some long term symptoms of type 2 diabetes that may appear over time include: fatigue, recurrent infections, changes in vision, itching, and possible tingling or prickling skin sensations. What are some complications of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitis? People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitis face a multitude of challenges; some challenges may be life-threatening and others may be life altering. Life-threatening complications of type 2 diabetes include: Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketoic Syndrome, and Hyperglycemia. Diabetic Ketoacidosis occurs when no treatment is given for
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