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According To Erchul & Martens (2012), The Earliest Consultation

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According to Erchul & Martens (2012), the earliest consultation in human services started in 1949 in Israel by a psychiatrist named Gerald Caplan. Caplan was supervising a group of psychologists and social workers who were caring for a 16,000 immigrant adolescents with mental illness that were located in 100 residential institutions, where transportation to get to the clients were often problematic; and there were approximately 1,000 initial request for assistance with these individuals. In response to such constraint, a new way of providing mental services emerged. Rather than Caplan and his team meeting with individual clients in the clinic, Caplan and his team traveled to the clinics and met with the individuals and their caretaker,…show more content…
Third, “the consultee work-related challenges rather than personal problems form the basis for consultative discussion” (p.4). Fourth, the consultative have not administrative power over the consultee. Fifth, the consultee has the right to accept and reject guidance from the consultant. Sixth, all information transpired between the consultant and consultee should be held confidential unless under circumstances where consultant believes that the consultee will inflict harm on themselves. Lastly, the consultant has dual purpose-to help the consultee to deal current problem and to provide the consultee with insights and skills to handle future problem effectively without the consultant. According to Caplan, Caplan, & Erchul (1994), mental health consultation continues while Caplan was at Harvard School of Public Health and Harvard Medical School where he and his associates continues to refined consultation for different consultees. According to Erchul & Martens (2012), in 1960 Thomas Szasz conceptualized and challenges the assumptions of tradition treatment of psychological treatment which was strongly aligned with the medical model. Szasz argued that it vital to examine behavior as normal or abnormal within the situational, social and moral context instead of the person’s mental status. The outlook of Szasz explained psychopathology and the role of psychiatrist as well as the role of social institution in the growth of abnormal behavior. Another issue related to the
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