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Adenotonsillar Hyperplasia Research Paper

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Enlarged palatine and pharyngeal tonsils is one of the most frequent occurrences in otorhinolaryngology. (1) The adenotonsillar hyperplasia is the most common cause of respiratory obstruction in children and unchains obstructive sleep disorders that include a variable group of abnormalities such as snoring and sleep obstructive apnea syndrome. Moreover, these children may present with a high incidence of recurrent infections of the upper airways with the frequent use of antibiotics. (2) It is the main cause of sleep disorders in children, and responsible for 75% of cases of sleep apnea. (3) In children, enlarged adenoids and tonsils play a major role in obstructive sleep apnoea. A history of obstruction (snoring, apnoea), sleep disruption (restless sleep, arousals, daytime symptoms) and suggestive physical findings are indications for adenotonsillectomy in most affected children (Ray and Bower 2005). Adenotonsillar hyperplasia may cause dysphagia and swallowing difficulties in…show more content…
It may be the region of a series of pathological processes, specially infectious ones and results in a number of important signs and symptoms, mainly in children with a decreased immune response, that generate recurrent pictures of tonsillitis. (6,7) This is one of the main reasons for prescription and indiscriminate use of antibiotic with a consequent increase of the bacterial resistance and selection. (8) Although the allergic rhinitis is not the essential factor in the genesis of the adenoid hyperplasia, there are traces of its major incidence in children with rhinitis and it is one more factor that contributes for the installation of a chronic inflammatory reaction of the nasal mucosa, which stimulates the lymphatic tissue
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